TITLE

The Effects of Anti-infective Preventive Measures on the Occurrence of Biologic Implant Complications and Implant Loss: A Systematic Review

AUTHOR(S)
Salvi, Giovanni E.; Zitzmann, Nicola U.
PUB. DATE
January 2014
SOURCE
International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants;2014 Supplement, Vol. 29, p292
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: To systematically appraise whether anti-infective protocols are effective in preventing biologic implant complications and implant loss after a mean observation period ≥ 10 years after loading. Materials and Methods: An electronic search of Medline via PubMed and Embase via Ovid databases complemented by manual search was conducted up to October 31, 2012. Studies were included provided that they were published in English, German, French, or Italian, and conducted on ≥ 20 partially and fully edentulous patients with dental implants and regular (≥ 1×/year) supportive periodontal therapy (SPT) over a mean observation period ≥ 10 years. Assessment of the identified studies and data extraction were performed independently by two reviewers. Authors were contacted if required. Collected data were reported by descriptive methods. Results: The initial electronic search resulted in the identification of 994 titles from Medline via PubMed and 531 titles from Embase via Ovid databases, respectively. After elimination of duplicate titles and exclusion of 60 full-text articles, 143 articles were analyzed, resulting in 15 studies eligible for qualitative analysis. The implant survival rate ranged from 85.7% to 99.2% after a mean observation period ≥ 10 years. One comparative study assessed the effects of regular SPT on the occurrence of biologic complications and implant loss. Overall, regular diagnosis and implementation of anti-infective therapeutic protocols were effective in the management of biological complications and prevention of implant loss. Residual probing depths at the end of active periodontal therapy and development of reinfection during supportive periodontal therapy (SPT) represented a significant risk for the onset of peri-implantitis and implant loss. Comparative studies indicated that implant survival and success rates were lower in periodontally compromised vs noncompromised patients. Conclusions: In order to achieve high long-term survival and success rates of dental implants and their restorations, enrollment in regular SPT including anti-infective preventive measures should be implemented. Therapy of peri-implant mucositis should be considered as a preventive measure for the onset of peri-implantitis. Completion of active periodontal therapy should precede implant placement in periodontally compromised patients.
ACCESSION #
94905705

 

Related Articles

  • The Therapy of Peri-implantitis: A Systematic Review. Heitz-Mayfield, Lisa J. A.; Mombelli, Andrea // International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants;2014 Supplement, Vol. 29, p325 

    Purpose: To evaluate the success of treatments aimed at the resolution of peri-implantitis in patients with osseointegrated implants. Materials and Methods: The potentially relevant literature was assessed independently by two reviewers to identify case series and comparative studies describing...

  • Esthetic Outcomes Following Immediate and Early Implant Placement in the Anterior Maxilla-A Systematic Review. Chen, Stephen T.; Buser, Daniel // International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants;2014 Supplement, Vol. 29, p186 

    Purpose: The objectives of this systematic review are (1) to quantitatively estimate the esthetic outcomes of implants placed in postextraction sites, and (2) to evaluate the influence of simultaneous bone augmentation procedures on these outcomes. Materials and Methods: Electronic and manual...

  • Molecular Assessment of Osseointegration In Vivo: A Review of the Current Literature. Thalji, Ghadeer; Cooper, Lyndon F. // International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants;2013, Vol. 28 Issue 6, pe521 

    This article examines the results of a structured review of the literature on in vivo molecular assessment of osseointegrated endosseous dental implants. It discusses the methods used in the study, in vivo models used, characteristics of the included in vivo reports and results of a genome-wide...

  • Comparison of Clinical Performance of Zirconia Implants and Titanium Implants in Animal Models: A Systematic Review. Manzano, Guillermo; Herrero, Rubén; Montero, Javier // International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants;2014, Vol. 29 Issue 2, p311 

    Purpose: This study aimed to compare the values of removal torque (RT) and bone-implant contact (BIC) reported in different animal studies for zirconia and titanium implants. Materials and Methods: A systematic review of the literature was performed to analyze BIC and RT of animal studies in...

  • Measurement Scales of Suicidal Ideation and Attitudes: A Systematic Review Article. Ghasemi, Parvin; Shaghaghi, Abdolreza; Allahverdipour, Hamid // Health Promotion Perspectives;2015, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p156 

    Background: The main aim of this study was to accumulate research evidence that introduce validated scales to measure suicidal attitudes and ideation and provide an empirical framework for adopting a relevant assessment tool in studies on suicide and suicidal behaviors. Methods: Medical Subject...

  • Secondhand smoke exposure levels in outdoor hospitality venues: a qualitative and quantitative review of the research literature. Licht, Andrea S.; Hyland, Andrew; Travers, Mark J.; Chapman, Simon // Tobacco Control;May2013, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p172 

    Objective This paper considers the evidence on whether outdoor secondhand smoke (SHS) is present in hospitality venues at high levels enough to potentially pose health risks, particularly among employees. Data sources Searches in PubMed and Web of Science included combinations of environmental...

  • Cone Beam Computed Tomography in Implant Dentistry: A Systematic Review Focusing on Guidelines, Indications, and Radiation Dose Risks. Bornstein, Michael M.; Scarfe, William C.; Vaughn, Vida M.; Jacobs, Reinhilde // International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants;2014 Supplement, Vol. 29, p55 

    Purpose: The aim of the paper is to identify, review, analyze, and summarize available evidence in three areas on the use of cross-sectional imaging, specifically maxillofacial cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in pre- and postoperative dental implant therapy: (1) Available clinical use...

  • Horizontal Ridge Augmentation in Conjunction with or Prior to Implant Placement in the Anterior Maxilla: A Systematic Review. Kuchler, Ulrike; von Arx, Thomas // International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants;2014 Supplement, Vol. 29, p14 

    Purpose: To systematically review clinical studies examining the survival and success rates of implants in horizontal ridge augmentation, either prior to or in conjunction with implant placement in the anterior maxilla. Materials and Methods: A literature search was undertaken up to September...

  • The Influence of Restorative Procedures on Esthetic Outcomes in Implant Dentistry: A Systematic Review. Martin, William C.; Pollini, Adrien; Morton, Dean // International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants;2014 Supplement, Vol. 29, p142 

    Purpose: The objectives of this review were to (1) identify if prosthodontic parameters influence the esthetic outcome of implant-supported restorations and (2) make clinically relevant recommendations based upon the findings. Materials and Methods: Electronic and manual searches of dental...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics