Optical and electrical simulations of solar cell based on silicon and silicon carbide

Biondo, Stephane; Vervisch, Wilfried; Ottaviani, Laurent
March 2014
Materials Science Forum;2014, Vol. 778-780, p1050
Academic Journal
Among the different ways to improve the performances of light harvesting inside solar cells, multilayer configurations can be used. The band gap of each single layer will contribute to absorption in a well defined wave-length range, enhancing the overall performances. Here, we investigate such performances in the case of solar cells made by two layers, a silicon one, and a SiC-based layer, and show the increasing of electrical working by means of computer simulations. These simulations are based on Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) approach for the optical calculations, on one side, and the Finite Element Method (FEM) for the electrical ones, on the other. The main goal is to show the enhancement of the electrical performances in heterostructure solar cells. In this paper, we investigate the influence of each different structure on the optical and electrical response. Our results show the influence of the device structures, in particular, the enhancement of the UV-light absorption inside the solar cell. Moreover, the different structures allow us to show an improvement in the harvesting charge carrier by the heterojunction.


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