TITLE

Resolution of PMA-Induced Skin Inflammation Involves Interaction of IFN-γ and ALOX15

AUTHOR(S)
Guojun Zhang; Xiaoman Liu; Chunhui Wang; Liwei Qu; Jingjing Deng; Hui Wang; Zhihai Qin
PUB. DATE
January 2013
SOURCE
Mediators of Inflammation;2013, Vol. 2013, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background. Acute inflammation and its timely resolution play important roles in the body's responses to the environmental stimulation. Although IFN-γ is well known for the induction of inflammation, its role in the inflammation resolution is still poorly understood. Methodology and Principal Findings. In this study, we investigated the function of interferon gamma (IFN-γ) during the resolution of PMA-induced skin inflammation in vivo. The results revealed that the expression levels of IL-6, TNF-α, and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) in skin decreased during the resolution stage of PMA-induced inflammation, while IFN-γ is still maintained at a relatively high level. Neutralization of endogenous IFN-γ led to accelerated reduction of epidermal thickness and decreased epithelial cell proliferation. Similarly, decreased infiltration of inflammatory cells (Gr1+ or CD11b+ cells) and a significant reduction of proinflammatory cytokines were also observed upon the blockade of IFN-γ. Furthermore, neutralization of IFN-γ boosted ALOX15 expression of the skin during inflammation resolution. In accordance, application of lipoxin A4 (LXA4, a product of ALOX15) obtained a proresolution effect similar to neutralization of IFN-γ. These results demonstrated that through upregulating ALOX15-LXA4 pathway, blockage of IFN-γ can promote the resolution of PMA-induced skin inflammation.
ACCESSION #
94866381

 

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