Heaviness, health and happiness: a cross-sectional study of 163 066 UK Biobank participants

Zia Ul-Haq; Mackay, Daniel F.; Martin, Daniel; Smith, Daniel J.; Gill, Jason M. R.; Nicholl, Barbara I.; Cullen, Breda; Evans, Jonathan; Roberts, Beverly; Deary, Ian J.; Gallacher, John; Hotopf, Matthew; Craddock, Nick; Pell, Jill P.
April 2014
Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health;Apr2014, Vol. 68 Issue 4, p340
Academic Journal
Background Obesity is known to increase the risk of many diseases and reduce overall quality of life. This study examines the relationship with self-reported health (SRH) and happiness. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study of the 163 066 UK Biobank participants who completed the happiness rating. The association between adiposity and SRH and happiness was examined using logistic regression. SRH was defined as good (excellent, good), or poor (fair, poor). Self-reported happiness was defined as happy (extremely, very, moderately) or unhappy (moderately, very, extremely). Results Poor health was reported by 44 457 (27.3%) participants. The adjusted ORs for poor health were 3.86, 2.92, 2.60 and 6.41 for the highest, compared with lowest, deciles of Body Mass Index, waist circumference, waist to hip ratio and body fat percent, respectively. The associations were stronger in men (p<0.001). Overall, 7511 (4.6%) participants felt unhappy, and only class III obese participants were more likely to feel unhappy (adjusted OR 1.33, 95% CI 1.15 to 1.53, p<0.001) but the associations differed by sex (p<0.001). Among women, there was a significant association between unhappiness and all levels of obesity. By contrast, only class III obese men had significantly increased risk and overweight and class I obese men were less likely to be unhappy. Conclusions Obesity impacts adversely on happiness as well as health, but the association with unhappiness disappeared after adjustment for self-reported health, indicating this may be mediated by health. Compared with obese men, obese women are less likely to report poor health, but more likely to feel unhappy.


Related Articles

  • Occupational stress and self-rated health among nurses. Theme Filha, Mariza Miranda; de Souza Costa, Maria Aparecida; Rodrigues Guilam, Maria Cristina // Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem (RLAE);Mar/Apr2013, Vol. 21 Issue 2, p476 

    Objective: To analyze the association between job stress and self-rated health among nurses in public hospital emergency units. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study undertaken through the administration of a self-administered questionnaire in a sample of 134 health professionals, using the...

  • Impact of economic crisis and other demographic and socio-economic factors on self-rated health in Greece. Zavras, Dimitris; Tsiantou, Vasiliki; Pavi, Elpida; Mylona, Katerina; Kyriopoulos, John // European Journal of Public Health;Apr2013, Vol. 23 Issue 2, p206 

    Background: Financial crisis and worsened socio-economic conditions are associated with greater morbidity, less utilization of health services and deteriorated population’s health status. The aim of the present study was to investigate the determinants of self-rated health in Greece....

  • Health Status Sensed by the Adult Latin American Immigrant Population in the City of Seville, Spain. González-López, J.; Rodríguez-Gázquez, M.; Lomas-Campos, M. // Journal of Immigrant & Minority Health;Jun2015, Vol. 17 Issue 3, p820 

    The immigrant population in Seville has grown over the last 10 years, most of which are Latin Americans. Our aim was to describe the health status perceived in this emerging population. In 2011, a cross-sectional study was performed on a representative sample of 190 Latin American immigrants...

  • Impact of self-reported smoking status on health-related quality of life in Singapore. Gan, Hua; Wee, Hwee; Cheung, Yin; Luo, Nan; Fong, Kok; Feeny, David; Thumboo, Julian // Journal of Public Health (09431853);Oct2013, Vol. 21 Issue 5, p389 

    Aim: To evaluate possible differences in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) according to self-reported smoking status in a multiethnic urban Asian population in Singapore. Subjects and methods: In this community-based cross-sectional survey of a stratified random sample, interviewers...

  • Gender inequalities in the association between demands of family and domestic life and health in Spanish workers. Arcas, M. Marta; Novoa, Ana M.; Artazcoz, Lucía // European Journal of Public Health;Oct2013, Vol. 23 Issue 5, p883 

    Background: The aim of this study is to analyse gender inequalities in the relationship between family demands and health in working and cohabiting population. Methods: A total of 9108 men and women aged 25 to 64 years who were employed and cohabiting were selected from the 2006 National Health...

  • Physical activity practice among undergraduate students in nursing. da Silva Pires, Cláudia Geovana; Mussi, Fernanda Carneiro; de Cerqueira, Bruna Borges; Gondim Pitanga, Francisco José; da Silva, Diorlene Oliveira // Acta Paulista de Enfermagem;2013, Vol. 26 Issue 5, p436 

    Objective: To compare physical activity practice among undergraduate students in nursing freshmen and in nursing seniors. Methods: Cross-sectional study conducted with a sample of 154 students. The research instruments were a questionnaire with sociodemographic and academic life and for the data...

  • Exploring urban male non-marital sexual behaviours in Pakistan. Mir, Ali M.; Wajid, Abdul; Pearson, Stephen; Khan, Mumraiz; Masood, Irfan // Reproductive Health;2013, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p22 

    Background: In Pakistan, sexual practices outside marriage are proscribed by law. We aimed to assess the range and magnitude of non-marital sexual behaviours of urban men, focusing on men having sex with men. Methods: In this cross sectional survey undertaken in six cities of Pakistan, we...

  • Is the Influence of Social Support on Mental Health the Same for Immigrants and Non-Immigrants? Puyat, Joseph // Journal of Immigrant & Minority Health;Jun2013, Vol. 15 Issue 3, p598 

    The association between social support and mental health across immigrant groups were examined in this study. A population-based sample was extracted from a 2009/10 Canadian community health survey. Self-reported mood or anxiety disorders and a standardized social support scale were used as...

  • Household crowding is associated with higher allostatic load among the Inuit. Riva, Mylene; Plusquellec, Pierrich; Juster, Robert-Paul; Laouan-Sidi, Elhadji A.; Abdous, Belkacem; Lucas, Michel; Dery, Serge; Dewailly, Eric // Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health;Apr2014, Vol. 68 Issue 4, p363 

    Background Household crowding is an important problem in some aboriginal communities that is reaching particularly high levels among the circumpolar Inuit. Living in overcrowded conditions may endanger health via stress pathophysiology. This study examines whether higher household crowding is...


Read the Article

Other Topics