TITLE

Environmental characterization of surface runoff from three highway sites in Southern Ontario, Canada: 1. Chemistry

AUTHOR(S)
Mayer, T.; Rochfort, Q.; Marsalek, J.; Parrott, J.; Servos, M.; Baker, M.; McInnis, R.; Jurkovic, A.; Scott, I.
PUB. DATE
April 2011
SOURCE
Water Quality Research Journal of Canada (IWA Publishing);2011, Vol. 46 Issue 2, p110
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Highway runoff is a significant source of contaminants entering many freshwater systems. To provide information on effects of highway runoff on aquatic biota, runoff samples were collected from three sites representing different classes of highways with low, intermediate and high traffic intensities. Samples were analysed for chloride, trace metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Runoff from a major multilane divided highway, with the highest traffic intensity, contained the highest levels of chloride (45-19,135 mg/L) and metals. Runoff solids from this highway contained the highest levels of PAHs (19.7-2142 mg/kg). PAHs were also high (9.83-237 mg/kg and 26.4-778 mg/kg) at the intermediate and low traffic intensity sites, respectively. High concentrations of potent mutagens and carcinogens such as benzo(a)pyrene (0.414-124.62 µg/g) and indeno-pyrene (0.549-50.597 µg/g) were measured in the particulate phase of all runoff samples. Chloride concentrations of winter and early spring runoff were significantly higher (P <0.001, t = 2.66) than during the rest of the year. Levels of contaminants depended on traffic intensity, road condition (age, composition, maintenance), the condition of metal structures (drains, guardrails, etc.) and seasonal conditions. A companion paper discusses spatial and temporal aspects of contaminant-associated toxicity of highway runoff.
ACCESSION #
94753585

 

Related Articles

  • Potential toxicity of pesticides measured in midwestern streams to aquatic organisms. Battaglin, W.; Fairchild, J. // Water Science & Technology;2002, Vol. 45 Issue 9, p95 

    Determines if the concentrations of pesticides measured in U.S. midwestern streams during the spring and early-summer runoff events in 1998 were at levels that maybe toxic to non-target aquatic organisms. Potential toxicity of pesticides.

  • Effects of Pollution on Freshwater Organisms. Harmon, S. Michele; Wiley, Faith E. // Water Environment Research (10614303);Oct2010, Vol. 82 Issue 10, p1945 

    This review includes works published in the general scientific literature during 2009 on the effects of anthropogenic pollutants on freshwater organisms. It begins with two broad sections: research reviews and broad field studies and surveys. This is followed by reviews of research categorized...

  • Effects of Pollution on Marine Organisms. Mearns, Alan J.; Reish, Donald J.; Oshida, Philip S.; Ginn, Thomas // Water Environment Research (10614303);Oct2010, Vol. 82 Issue 10, p2001 

    This review covers selected 2009 peerreviewed journal articles on the biological, chemical and physical effects of natural and anthropogenic pollutants on marine and estuarine plants and animals. This review covers field and laboratory measurement activities (concentrations of contaminants,...

  • Watershed-scale analysis of pollutant distributions in stormwater management ponds. Gallagher, Matthew; Snodgrass, Joel; Ownby, David; Brand, Adrianne; Casey, Ryan; Lev, Steven // Urban Ecosystems;Sep2011, Vol. 14 Issue 3, p469 

    Stormwater management ponds have become a common Best Management Practice in urban and suburban landscapes. Stormwater management ponds are designed to hold runoff from impervious surfaces and allow the settling of sediments and associated pollutants. Various semi-aquatic and aquatic wildlife...

  • Biocides: Critical Components of MARINE COATINGS. Challener, Cynthia // CoatingsTech;Apr2011, Vol. 8 Issue 4, p28 

    The article reports on the importance of biocides in marine coatings to prevent the fouling of ship hulls and the transmigration of marine organisms. It mentions the need to remain informed about regulations such as biocidal products regulation (BPR) and biocidal products directive (BPD) to keep...

  • Comparative Toxicokinetics of Cadmium in Artemia. Sarabia, R.; Varó, I.; Amat, F.; Pastor, A.; del Ramo, J.; Díaz-Mayans, J.; Torreblanca, A. // Archives of Environmental Contamination & Toxicology;Jan2006, Vol. 50 Issue 1, p111 

    The toxicokinetics of cadmium was determined for five populations belonging to four species of Artemia ( A. salina, A. parthenogenetica, A. franciscana, and A. persimilis) using a bicompartmental model. The effects of sublethal cadmium concentration on the kinetic parameters in A....

  • Ecotoxicology of Nano-TiO2 - An Evaluation of its Toxicity to Organisms of Aquatic Ecosystems. Clemente, Z.; Castro, V. L.; Jonsson, C. M.; Fraceto, L. F. // International Journal of Environmental Research;Winter2012, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p33 

    The production and use of synthetic nanoparticles is growing rapidly, and therefore the presence of these materials in the environment seems inevitable. Titanium dioxide (TiO2) presents various possible uses in industry, cosmetics, and even in the treatment of contaminated environments. Studies...

  • THE EFFECTS OF WATER POLLUTION ON PULMONATE AND PROSOBRANCH SNAIL POPULATIONS. Lodwick, Jane E. // Ohio Journal of Science;Mar2008, Vol. 108 Issue 1, pA-31 

    The goal of this experiment was to determine if lung-breathing pulmonate snails dominate over the gill-breathing prosobranch snails in ponds that have comparatively high levels of pollution indicators. Five different ponds were analyzed, and the number and type of each snail indicator (shell) at...

  • Effect of Phenanthrene on the Tissue Structure of Liver and Aminotransferase Enzymes in Yellowfin Seabream (Acanthopagrus latus). Shirmohammadi, Mehrnaz; Salamat, Negin; Ronagh, Mohammad Taghi; Movahedinia, Abdolali; Hamidian, Gholamreza // Iranian Journal of Toxicology;Jul/Aug2017, Vol. 11 Issue 4, p33 

    Background: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) such as phenanthrene (Phe) represent one of the most abundant forms of organic pollutants. The aim of this study was to assess changes in plasma levels of aminotransferase enzymes, total protein and liver tissue as biomarkers of yellowfin...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics