TITLE

Splenectomy results from an 18-year single centre experience

AUTHOR(S)
Davies, I. Ll; J Cho; Lewis, M. H.
PUB. DATE
February 2014
SOURCE
Bulletin of The Royal College of Surgeons of England;Feb2014, Vol. 96 Issue 2, p147
SOURCE TYPE
Periodical
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
INTRODUCTION Splenectomy is performed both as an emergency procedure following trauma and electively when indicated for haematological disease. Postsplenectomy patients receive immunotherapy vaccines and continuous antibiotic prophylaxis. Despite well documented concerns regarding complications and overwhelming postsplenectomy infection (OPSI) risk, there appears to be only a small amount of consistent data on long-term outcomes. The authors therefore present their postsplenectomy patient outcomes over an 18-year follow-up period. METHODS One hundred and five postsplenectomy patients operated on between 1991 and 2011 were identified from pathology codes and their case notes were reviewed. Eighty-eight patients (83.8%) were followed up for at least five years or until death. RESULTS Of the 105 splenectomy patients (58 were male), the median age was 54 years (range: 10-87 years) and the median survival was 80 months. Operative morbidity and mortality rates were 21.0% (n=22) and 8.6% (n=9) respectively. Thirty-seven patients (27 males) underwent an emergency splenectomy with a median age, operative morbidity and operative mortality of 51 years, 13.5% and 21.6% (n=8) respectively. This compares with 68 patients (35 males) undergoing an elective splenectomy with the same parameters respectively of 55 years, 25.0% and 1.5% (n=1). Excluding operative deaths, multivariate analysis revealed age (p=0.002) as the only significant and independent prognostic indicator. Immunotherapy and antibiotic prophylaxis rates for the emergency cohort were 92.6% and 88.9% respectively, compared with 90.2% and 93.4% for the elective cohort. At follow-up, no patients were readmitted with OPSI. CONCLUSIONS Over an 18-year period and a diverse indication for splenectomy, we have identified no evidence of OPSI. However, a significant operative mortality was associated with traumatic splenic rupture.
ACCESSION #
94753565

 

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