TITLE

Age estimation of skeletal remains: principal methods

AUTHOR(S)
Villa, Chiara; Lynnerup, Niels
PUB. DATE
January 2014
SOURCE
Research & Reports in Forensic Medical Science;2014, Vol. 4, p3
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The age of an individual is often a fundamental piece of data in connection with forensic identification of unidentified bodies. The methods most often used are based on visually determining various morphological, age-related changes in the skeleton (or teeth, although odontological methods are not reviewed in this paper). As such, these methods are all relative: ie, they do not obtain results in calendar years but estimates of the age at death, often with a rather large range. Recently, methods have been proposed for more direct ascertainment of age at death: eg, protein racemization and radiocarbon methods. The latter method, especially, may yield absolute age (year of birth), because radiocarbon activity (as measured in specific proteins in specific cells or tissues of the body) may be in equilibrium with the so-called bomb-pulse, when atmospheric radiocarbon content has changed markedly from one year to another. This review covers the basic and most often used gross morphological methods, radiologically-based methods, biochemical methods, and radiocarbon dating.
ACCESSION #
94751979

 

Related Articles

  • CONTRIBUTION OF RADIOCARBON DATING TO THE CHRONOLOGY OF ENEOLITHIC IN CAMPANIA (ITALY). Passariello, I.; Talamo, P.; D'onofrio, A.; Barta, P.; Lubritto, C.; Terrasi, F. // Geochronometria: Journal on Methods & Applications of Absolute C;2010, Vol. 35, p25 

    The paper presents new and important 14C data from eight Eneolithic sites in Campania measured at the Centre for Isotopic Research of Cultural and Environmental Heritage (CIRCE) AMS laboratory in Caserta (Italy). Twenty-four 14C determinations on bone and charcoal are used here for chronological...

  • ANOMALOUS RADIOCARBON AGES FOUND IN CAMPANIAN IGNIMBRITE DEPOSIT OF THE MEDITERRANEAN DEEP-SEA CORE CT85-5. Hajdas, Irka; Taricco, Carla; Bonani, Georges; Beer, Jürg; Bernasconi, Stefano M.; Wacker, Lukas // Radiocarbon;Oct2011, Vol. 53 Issue 4, p575 

    A detailed radiocarbon chronology has been established for the deep-sea core CT85-5 from the Tyrrhenian Sea. This chronology, which is based on the analysis of foraminifera shells, shows a set of reversed 14C ages for sediments deposited during the eruption of the Campanian Ignimbrite (~40 ka...

  • 14C CALIBRATION CURVES FOR MODERN PLANT MATERIAL FROM TROPICAL REGIONS OF SOUTH AMERICA. Ehleringer, James R.; Casale, John F.; Barnette, Janet E.; Xiaomei Xu; Lott, Michael J.; Hurley, Janet // Radiocarbon;Oct2011, Vol. 53 Issue 4, p585 

    Two Δ 14C calibration curves have been produced that allow determination of the statistical average age of coca leaf and cocaine base specimens produced for the time period 1979-2009. These calibration curves are based on field collections of specimens in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and...

  • VERIFICATION OF AN ARCHAIC AGE OCCUPATION ON BARBADOS, SOUTHERN LESSER ANTILLES. Fitzpatrick, Scott M. // Radiocarbon;Oct2011, Vol. 53 Issue 4, p595 

    The Caribbean Archaic Age (about 3000-500 BC) is thought to represent the earliest migration of humans from South America into the Lesser Antilles. However, there is a conspicuous absence of these early sites on islands south of the Guadeloupe Passage. To date, only a single radiocarbon date...

  • Δ14C AND δ13C OF SEAWATER DIC AS TRACERS OF COASTAL UPWELLING: A 5-YEAR TIME SERIES FROM SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA. Santos, Guaciara M.; Ferguson, Julie; Acaylar, Karla; Johnson, Kathleen R.; Griffin, Sheila; Druffel, Ellen // Radiocarbon;Oct2011, Vol. 53 Issue 4, p669 

    Marine radiocarbon (14C) is a widely used tracer of past ocean circulation, but very few high-resolution records have been obtained. Here, we report a time series of carbon isotope abundances of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) in surface seawater collected from the Newport Beach pier in Orange...

  • INTCAL13 AND MARINE13 RADIOCARBON AGE CALIBRATION CURVES 0-50,000 YEARS CAL BP. Reimer, Paula J.; Bard, Edouard; Bayliss, Alex; Beck, J. Warren; Blackwell, Paul G.; Ramsey, Christopher Bronk; Buck, Caitlin E.; Hai Cheng; Edwards, R. Lawrence; Friedrich, Michael; Grootes, Pieter M.; Guilderson, Thomas P.; Haflidason, Haflidi; Hajdas, Irka; Hatté, Christine; Heaton, Timothy J.; Hoffmann, Dirk L.; Hogg, Alan G.; Hughen, Konrad A.; Kaiser, K. Felix // Radiocarbon;2013, Vol. 55 Issue 4, p1869 

    The article discusses the role of the IntCal09 and Marine09 radiocarbon calibration curves to the utilization of tree rings, plant macrofossils and speleothems. It mentions the calibration curves derived from the data using the random walk model (RWM) which revised the additional uncertainties...

  • Data.  // Discover;Sep2009, Vol. 30 Issue 8, p8 

    The article presents briefs concerning research. Scientists of the Georges Labit Museum in Toulouse, France used carbon 14 dating methods to examine an Egyptian mummy that may derive from as early as 1800 B.C. The T600 Icarus particle detector, which is located beneath a mountain at Gran Sasso...

  • Predicting Binding Sites.  // BioWorld Today;3/21/2011, Vol. 22 Issue 54, Special section p1 

    This article focuses on a study by researchers from the University of Chicago and the Academia Sinica in Taiwan which examined a way to predict from the amino acid sequence which parts of a protein form binding sites with other proteins.

  • Structural Mapping of Inhibitors Binding Sites on P-glycoprotein: Mechanism of Inhibition of P-Glycoprotein by Herbal Isoflavones. Arora, Neha; Sahi, Shakti; Singh, Nagendra // International Journal of Biochemistry Research & Review;Oct-Dec2013, Vol. 3 Issue 4, p421 

    Aims: Understanding the pattern of inhibitors binding to p-glycoprotein (Pgp). Study Design: Pgp is an ATP dependent transporter protein, responsible for multi-drug resistance in metastatic tumors. It removes toxins by exporting a variety of structurally unrelated compounds outside the cells,...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics