Laparoscopic Treatment of Large True Cysts of the Liver and Spleen Is Ineffective

Ganti, Avinash L.; Sardi, Armandol; Gordon, Joseph
November 2002
American Surgeon;Nov2002, Vol. 68 Issue 11, p1012
Academic Journal
True epidermal cysts of the liver and spleen are uncommon and it has been recommended that laparoscopic management is appropriate. Often these cysts are large and centrally located by the time they reach clinical significance thereby making complete excision difficult without major liver resection or splenectomy. Definitive therapy consists of drainage and complete resection of the cyst wall. Three patients presented with upper abdominal pain. Workup revealed large nonparasitic true cysts of the liver (one) and spleen (two). All were initially treated with laparoscopic resection of their cysts with the primary objective being organ preservation. They were followed with periodic ultrasound/CT scanning. The pathology report in all three cases demonstrated benign congenital epithelial cysts and the patients did well postoperatively. Despite meticulous dissection and marsupialization of the cysts all three patients experienced recurrence that necessitated further therapy. We conclude that laparoscopic surgery is inadequate in the management of true cysts of the liver and spleen unless complete removal of all cyst wall can be assured.


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