TITLE

Primary Treatment of Malignant Pleural Effusions: Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery Poudrage versus Tube Thoracostomy

AUTHOR(S)
Erickson, Kurt V.; Yost, Michael; Bynoe, Raymond; Almond, Carl; Nottingham, James
PUB. DATE
November 2002
SOURCE
American Surgeon;Nov2002, Vol. 68 Issue 11, p955
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The objective of this study is to show that primary treatment of malignant pleural effusions secondary to ovarian carcinoma with video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS)-assisted talc poudrage (VATS-ATP) results in shorter hospital stays and reduced time with a chest tube than primary treatment with a chest tube and chemical pleurodesis. We conducted a retrospective chart review of all patients with a symptomatic pleural effusion secondary to primary ovarian carcinoma receiving intervention from January 1996 to December 2000. Patients either received tube thoracostomy with pleurodesis (n = 22) or VATS-ATP (n = 12). Of the patients treated with tube thoracostomy 18 per cent (4/21) died in the hospital before pleurodesis, 77 per cent (14/19) had successful pleurodesis, and 22 per cent (4/18) failed pleurodesis requiring VATS-ATP. In the group treated primarily with tube thoracostomy the chest tube was in place 8.36 ± 2.61 days with a hospital stay of 12.64 ± 5.80 days after the procedure. In the group treated with VATS-ATP there was 100 per cent successful pleurodesis. There were no mortalities. There was one prolonged intubation of 3 days and one incomplete lung reexpansion. The chest tube was in place for 4.58 ± 1.78 days and a hospital stay of 7.50 ± 4.12 days postprocedure. Groups treated by tube thoracostomy and VATS were statistically different; P < 0.001 for days with a chest tube and P = 0.011 for hospital days. We conclude that both tube thoracostomy with chemical pleurodesis and VATS-ATP provide adequate treatment of ovarian carcinoma-associated malignant pleural effusions. VATS-ATP provides a shorter duration of chest tube placement and postprocedure hospital stay.
ACCESSION #
9474541

 

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