TITLE

Job stress and mortality in older age

AUTHOR(S)
Tobiasz-Adamczyk, Beata; Brzyski, Piotr; Florek, Marzena; Brzyska, Monika
PUB. DATE
June 2013
SOURCE
International Journal of Occupational Medicine & Environmental H;Jun2013, Vol. 26 Issue 3, p349
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Objectives: This paper aims to assess the relationship between the determinants of the psychosocial work environment, as expressed in terms of JDC or ERI models, and all-cause mortality in older individuals. Materials and Methods: The baseline study was conducted on a cohort comprising a random sample of 65-year-old community-dwelling citizens of Kraków, Poland. All of the 727 participants (410 women, 317 men) were interviewed in their households in the period between 2001 and 2003; a structured questionnaire was used regarding their occupational activity history, which included indexes measuring particular dimensions of their psychosocial work environment based on Karasek's Job Demand-Control model and Siegrist's Effort-Reward Imbalance model, as well as health-related quality of life and demographic data. Mortality was ascertained by monitoring City Vital Records for 7 years. Analyses were conducted separately for men and women, with the multivariate Cox proportional hazard model. Results: During a 7-year follow-up period, 59 participants (8.1%) died, including 21 women (5.1% of total women) and 38 men (12%) (p < 0.05). Significant differences in the number of deaths occurred regarding disproportion between physical demands and control in men: those with low physical demands and low control died three times more often than those with high control, regardless of the level of demands. The multivariate Cox proportional hazard model showed that significantly higher risk of death was observed only in men with low physical demands and low control, compared to those with low physical demands and high control (Exp(B) = 4.65, 95% CI: 1.64-13.2). Conclusions: Observed differences in mortality patterns are similar to the patterns of relationships observed in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) level at the beginning of old age; however, the relationship between efforts and rewards or demands and control and mortality was not fully confirmed.
ACCESSION #
94740232

 

Related Articles

  • Applying the revised Chinese Job Content Questionnaire to assess psychosocial work conditions among Taiwan's hospital workers. Tsair-Wei Chien; Wen-Pin Lai; Hsien-Yi Wang; Sen-Yen Hsu; Castillo, Roberto Vasquez; How-Ran Guo; Shih-Chung Chen; Shih-Bin Su // BMC Public Health;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p478 

    Background: For hospital accreditation and health promotion reasons, we examined whether the 22-item Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) could be applied to evaluate job strain of individual hospital employees and to determine the number of factors extracted from JCQ. Additionally, we developed an...

  • Stress related work environment factors: nurses survey results. Circenis, Kristaps; Millere, Inga // International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medi;Jun2012, Vol. 4 Issue 6, p1150 

    Introduction: The nursing profession is one of the most stressful occupations today, due to the quantity and diversity of risk factors associated with the work environment. The common contributory factors include higher nurse workloads and characteristics of the work environment such as...

  • Workstyle: Development of a Measure of Response to Work in Those With Upper Extremity Pain. Feuerstein, Michael; Nicholas, Rena A.; Huang, Grant D.; Haufler, Amy J.; Pransky, Glenn; Robertson, Michele // Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation;Jun2005, Vol. 15 Issue 2, p87 

    Workstyle or the behavioral, cognitive, and physiological response that can occur in some individuals to increases in work demands has been proposed to help explain the link between ergonomic and psychosocial factors in the exacerbation of work-related upper extremity symptoms. Currently, there...

  • Effort-reward imbalance at work is predicted by temporal and energetic characteristics of behavior: A population-based study. Hintsa, Taina; Hintsanen, Mirka; Jokela, Markus; Pulkki-Råback, Laura; Keltikangas-Järvinen, Liisa // International Journal of Occupational Medicine & Environmental H;Jun2013, Vol. 26 Issue 3, p413 

    Objective: Personality dispositions may influence perceptions of work stress. The paper examines the relationship between temperament in terms of Strelau's Regulative Theory of Temperament and the effort-reward imbalance and its components. Material and Methods: There were 890 participants (360...

  • Stressed Out. Verespej, Michael A. // Industry Week/IW;02/21/2000, Vol. 249 Issue 4, p30 

    Deals with the effects of stress on employees at the workplace. Complaints of employees on work pressures; Reason for ignoring the impact of stressed-out worker; Assessment of stress at the workplace; Resources that companies can provide to ease the daily pressures that employees face.

  • How to reduce tension in the workplace.  // ABA Banking Journal;Aug82, Vol. 74 Issue 8, p26 

    Provides suggestions on how to reduce tension in the workplace. Special exercises to stretch and strengthen muscles; Socialization with co-workers; Inclusion of breathing exercises in business schedules.

  • CO-WORKERS MAY BE YOUR BIGGEST WORK STRESSOR. Bradford, Michael; Casale, Jeff; Hofmann, Mark A.; Wojcik, Joanne // Business Insurance;2/15/2010, Vol. 44 Issue 7, p23 

    The article focuses on a recent study by Opinium Research L.L.P. which revealed that continuous exposure to grumpy or moody colleagues, loquacious small talk, overused management jargon and loud phone conversations are enough to prompt two out of three office workers in Great Britain to quit...

  • MANAGE CHANGE. Lindenfield, Gael // Management Today;Feb2003, p73 

    Focuses on methods to minimize risk of personal stress at the workplace. Use of constructive mourning and moaning mechanism to avoid stress conditions; Contradiction of negative thoughts by using positive self-talks; Prevention of chaos by prioritized lists and well-planned schedules.

  • Unrest in the Cubicles. Gallop-Goodman, Gerda // American Demographics;Jan2001, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p27 

    Provides information on a survey done by the Integra Realty Resources Inc. regarding stress in the workplace in the United States. Violence in the workplace; Work hours; Factors contributing to stress.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics