Dialysis Treatment: A Comprehensive Description

Reddenna, Languluri; Basha, Shaik Ayub; Reddy, Kanala Siva Kumar
March 2014
International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research & Allied Scienc;2014, Vol. 3 Issue 1, p1
Academic Journal
The kidneys are a pair of vital organs that perform many functions to keep the blood clean and chemically balanced. The two most common causes of kidney disease are diabetes and high blood pressure. The National Kidney Foundation recommends three simple tests to screen for kidney disease: a blood pressure measurement, a spot check for protein or albumin in the urine, and a calculation of glomerular filtration rate based on a serum creatinine measurement. It is estimated that about 1, 00,000 persons suffer from ESRD each year of which only about 20,000 get treated. Dialysis is a process for removing waste and excess water from the blood. It is used primarily to provide an artificial replacement for lost kidney function in people with renal failure. There are benefits and complications for each type of dialysis. Attention paid by the primary health care systems to combat the rising epidemic of chronic diseases has been inadequate. This review provides the epidemiological data which helps the healthcare system to guide strategies for the prevention of kidney disease and planning for the provision of renal replacement therapy. Kidney diseases are highly prevalent globally. The risk factors for prevalence and incidence of haemodialysis are majorly hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Awareness of haemodialysis patients on the disease, medication, diet along with the life style modifications through the patient education was found to be very helpful for the patients to control their risk factors and to improve the compliance to the dosage regimen.


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