TITLE

A prototype paediatric venous cannula with shape change in situ

AUTHOR(S)
Jegger, David; Corno, Antonio F; Mucciolo, Antonio; Mucciolo, Giuseppe; Boone, Yves; Horisberger, Judith; Seigneul, Isabelle; Jachertz, Mirka; von Segesser, Ludwig K
PUB. DATE
January 2003
SOURCE
Perfusion;Jan2003, Vol. 18 Issue 1, p61
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
During cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), venous drainage may be impeded due to small vessel and cannula size or chattering, thus, blood return to the heart-lung machine is reduced. We designed a self-expandable prototype cannula, which is able to maintain the vein open and overcome this problem and analysed its performance capability. This prototype and several other cannulae were tested using an access vessel diameter of 7 mm. An in vitro circuit was set up with a 10 mm penrose latex tube simulating the patient's vein placed between the patient preload reservoir and the cannula, encasing the cannula's inlet(s). Maximum flow rate was determined for passive venous drainage (PVD) at preloads (P) of 2 and 4 mmHg. We compared these results to three classic single-stage venous cannulae: basket tip, thoracic drain and percutaneous tip. By comparing the other cannulae to the prototype, under PVD conditions and a central venous pressure (CVP) of 2 mmHg, the prototype cannula's flow rate (1.32 ± 0.04 L/min) outperformed the basket type (the best performing comparator) (1.02 ± 0.08 L/min) by 23% (p < 0.005). When the preload was increased to 4 mmHg under PVD conditions, the same trend was noted with the prototype cannula (1.65 ± 0.05 L/min), outperforming the basket cannula's value (1.26 ± 0.05 L/min) by 24% (p < 0.001). This new cannula design provides superior flow characteristics, under all test conditions, compared to the classic single-stage venous cannulae used for paediatric CPB surgery.
ACCESSION #
9459296

 

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics