TITLE

Evaluation of Salt Tolerance of Jute (Corchorus spp.) Genotypes in Hydroponics using Physiological Parameters

AUTHOR(S)
Ranjit Kumar Ghosh; Thitaporn Phumichai; Tanee Sreewongchai; Sutkhet Nakasathien; Chalermpol Phumichai
PUB. DATE
June 2013
SOURCE
Asian Journal of Plant Sciences;2013, Vol. 12 Issue 4, p149
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Evaluation of jute genotypes for salt tolerance is highly important because of salt affected areas are constantly increasing worldwide especially in Bangladesh where salt tolerant jute variety is unavailable. A hydroponics experiment was conducted in the glasshouse to evaluate the salt tolerance of various jute (Corchorus spp.) genotypes. Sixty jute genotypes were evaluated in a factorial experiment under Hoagland's nutrient solution with three levels of salinity (0, 100 and 200 mM NaCl) in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Root length, shoot length, root dry matter, shoot dry matter, total dry matter and leaf Relative Water Content (RWC) decreased significantly with increasing salinity. However, the chlorophyll content of jute leaves was higher at 100 mM NaCl (42.89) than in control plants (37.76). The C. capsularis genotypes demonstrated higher levels of salt tolerance than did C. olitorius genotypes. The physiological traits shoot length (R² = 0.95), RWC (R² = 0.80) and chlorophyll content (R² = 0.91) was strongly correlated with total dry matter production and was exhibited good potential for evaluation of salt tolerance in jute. The C. capsularis accessions 4965 and 4955 were the most salt tolerant in terms of their high index of salt tolerance (85.20 and 84.10% at 100 mM NaCl) and lowest reduction in shoot length, RWC and chlorophyll content under salt stress. These accessions could be useful for agriculture in saline areas, particularly at 100 mM NaCl (EC = 10 dS m-1) salinity.
ACCESSION #
94385539

 

Related Articles

  • The Effects of Soil-Applied Humic Substances to the Dry Weight and Mineral Nutrient Uptake of Maize Plants under Soil-Salinity Conditions. TURAN, Murat A.; AŞIK, Bariş B.; KATKAT, Ali V.; ÇELIK, Hakan // Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca;2011, Vol. 39 Issue 1, p171 

    The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the soil application of humus substances on the dry weight and the nutrient uptake of selected elements in maize grown under salt stress in greenhouse conditions. Sodium chloride was added to the soil to obtain 0, 15, 30, 45 or 60 mM NaCl....

  • Physiological Responses of Wild and Cultivated Barley to the Interactive Effect of Salinity and Iron Deficiency. Yousfi, Sabeh; Houmani, Hayet; Zribi, Fethia; Abdelly, Chedly; Gharsalli, Mohamed // ISRN Agronomy;2012, p1 

    Literature on the separate effects of salinity and inadequate Fe supply on plant growth and nutrient uptake, concentration, and distribution is abundant but little is known about the interactive effects of these two abiotic constraints. Here, we investigated the interactive effect of iron...

  • Growth and Physiological Responses of Maize and Sorghum Genotypes to Salt Stress. Genhua Niu; Wenwei Xu; Rodriguez, Denise; Youping Sun // ISRN Agronomy;2012, p1 

    The growth and physiological responses of four maize inbred lines (CUBA1, B73, B5C2, and BR1) and four sorghum hybrids (SS304, NK7829, Sordan 79, and KS585) to salinity were determined. Fifteen days after sowing, seedlings were irrigated with nutrient solution (control) at electrical...

  • A comparison of hydroponic and soil-based screening methods to identify salt tolerance in the field in barley. Tavakkoli, Ehsan; Fatehi, Foad; Rengasamy, Pichu; McDonald, Glenn K. // Journal of Experimental Botany;Oct2012, Vol. 63 Issue 10, p3853 

    Success in breeding crops for yield and other quantitative traits depends on the use of methods to evaluate genotypes accurately under field conditions. Although many screening criteria have been suggested to distinguish between genotypes for their salt tolerance under controlled environmental...

  • Crescimento de genótipos diplóides de bananeira submetidos ao estresse salino. Junior, Gilberto de S. E S.; De Morais, Marciana B.; Camara, Terezinha R.; Willadino, Lilia // Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agricola e Ambiental - Agriambi;Nov2012, Vol. 16 Issue 11, p1145 

    Ten diploid banana genotypes (Musa spp.) were evaluated with regard to salt tolerance, abiotic stress which limits the productivity of the crop. The plants were grown during 21 days, in a nutrient solution with and without the addition of NaCl (0 and 100 mol m-3). Growth variables including leaf...

  • Crescimento de genótipos diplóides de bananeira submetidos ao estresse salino. Junior, Gilberto de S. E S.; De Morais, Marciana B.; Camara, Terezinha R.; Willadino, Lilia // Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agricola e Ambiental - Agriambi;Nov2012, Vol. 16 Issue 11, p1145 

    Ten diploid banana genotypes (Musa spp.) were evaluated with regard to salt tolerance, abiotic stress which limits the productivity of the crop. The plants were grown during 21 days, in a nutrient solution with and without the addition of NaCl (0 and 100 mol m-3). Growth variables including leaf...

  • Xyloglucan endotransglycosylase/hydrolase genes from a susceptible and resistant jute species show opposite expression pattern following Macrophomina phaseolina infection. Sharmin, Sazia; Azam, Muhammad Shafiul; Islam, Md. Shahidul; Sajib, Abu Ashfaqur; Mahmood, Niaz; Hasan, A. M. Mahedi; Ahmed, Razib; Sultana, Kishwar; Khan, Haseena // Communicative & Integrative Biology;Nov/Dec2012, Vol. 5 Issue 6, Special section p1 

    Two of the most widely and intensively cultivated jute species, Corchorus capsularis and Corchorus olitorius, suffer severely from a stem rot disease caused by the fungus Macrophomina phaseolina. Wild jute species, C. trilocularis, shows resistance to this pathogenic fungus. In this study, the...

  • Processing of jute fibre in textile industries.  // Colourage;Apr2011, Vol. 58 Issue 4, p44 

    The article offers information on the production, composition, and uses of jute fibre in the textile industries in India. It explains that jute fibre, which is concentrated in Bangladesh and Bengal, is produced from the stem and ribbon of the jute plant in the genus Corchorus. It also notes that...

  • No Dirt, No Problem. V. C. // Jacksonville Magazine;Sep2014, Vol. 30 Issue 8, p92 

    The article offers information on hydroponic gardening which does not require soil for the nutrients needed by the plants are dissolved in water and fed them into the roots.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics