TITLE

Remarks on sequence stratigraphy and taphonomy of the Malvinokaffric shelly fauna during the KAČÁK Event in the Apucarana Sub-basin (Paraná Basin), Brazil

AUTHOR(S)
Horodyski, Rodrigo; Holz, Michael; Grahn, Yngve; Bosetti, Elvio
PUB. DATE
January 2014
SOURCE
International Journal of Earth Sciences;Jan2014, Vol. 103 Issue 1, p367
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The Eifelian-Givetian (Middle Devonian) transition constituted an important paleoenvironmental event for the Malvinokaffric Realm in the Apucarana Sub-basin (Paraná Basin). This study highlights integration between taphonomy and sequence stratigraphy, and four depositional sequences are identified during the transition. In Sequence 1, the presence of a typical normal-sized Malvinokaffric fauna is recorded. In the transgressive systems tract (TST) of Sequence 2, no benthic fossils are present, and this is interpreted as a stratigraphic marker of an event of significant paleoenvironmental change (KAČÁK Event). In Sequence 3, the TST has abundant bioclasts, which become rarer toward the top of the section, i.e., within the transgressive systems tract. The original habitat of this autochthonous to parautochthonous fauna was a low-energy environment between the fair weather wave base and the storm wave base of the Devonian epicontinental sea. In the highstand systems tract of this sequence, the presence of normal-sized Pennaia paulianna and lingulids demonstrates the return of more ambient conditions. Sequence 4 is of Carboniferous age. Its limit is a second-order sequence boundary recording a lowstand systems tract formed by a fluvial depositional system. The low diversity and the disappearance of taxa are not the result of a taphonomic bias, but reflect the post-KAČÁK Event.
ACCESSION #
94345016

 

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