`It was a proud day': African Americans, festivals, and parades in the North, 1741-1834

White, Shane
June 1994
Journal of American History;Jun94, Vol. 81 Issue 1, p13
Academic Journal
Traces the transformation of the northern African American festivals of the eighteenth century into the city parades of the first third of the 19th century. Reflection of changed circumstances of African northerners; Significance of black steward William Read's death during Election holiday in Boston, Mass. on June 2, 1817; White residents' prejudice against blacks.


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