TITLE

'SOCIAL FASCISM', 'STALINISATION' AND THE CASE OF THE SAXON COMMUNIST PARTY, 1928-9

AUTHOR(S)
LaPorte, Norman
PUB. DATE
April 2002
SOURCE
Labour History Review (Maney Publishing);Apr2002, Vol. 67 Issue 1, p65
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Using newly available documentation, this article re-examines the debate on the roots and reception of the German Communist Party's (KPD) ultra-leftist political strategy during 1928-9. For the last three decades, the rise of social and cultural history has emphasised the KPD's independence from Moscow and the Communist International. Against the grain of recent research, this case study of the Saxon KPD argues that, while history from below' is important in explaining how rankand-file party activists responded to changes in party tactics, policy-making per se rested in the hands of the Bolshevik-dominated Communist International. The first section of the article details how the KPD's 'Stalinisation' (i.e. subordination to Soviet Russia) involved the installation of a highly centralised bureaucracy which drove party policy from the top down, using purges of organised opposition to break internal party resistance to the 'left turn'. The second section then goes on to demonstrate the political limitations of the 'social fascist' policy in a region dominated by a strongly organised left-wing social democratic movement on the one side and an intensely anti-Marxist middle-class movement on the other.
ACCESSION #
9381159

 

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