Interaction of ultra-short laser pulses with CIGS and CZTSe thin films

Gečys, P.; Markauskas, E.; Dudutis, J.; Račiukaitis, G.
January 2014
Applied Physics A: Materials Science & Processing;Jan2014, Vol. 114 Issue 1, p231
Academic Journal
The thin-film solar cell technologies based on complex quaternary chalcopyrite and kesterite materials are becoming more attractive due to their potential for low production costs and optimal spectral performance. As in all thin-film technologies, high efficiency of small cells might be maintained with the transition to larger areas when small segments are interconnected in series to reduce photocurrent and related ohmic losses in thin films. Interconnect formation is based on the three scribing steps, and the use of a laser is here crucial for performance of the device. We present our simulation and experimental results on the ablation process investigations in complex CuInGaSe (CIGS) and CuZnSn(S,Se) (CZTSe) cell's films using ultra-short pulsed infrared (~1 μm) lasers which can be applied to the damage-free front-side scribing processes. Two types of processes were investigated-direct laser ablation of ZnO:Al/CIGS films with a variable pulse duration of a femtosecond laser and the laser-induced material removal with a picosecond laser in the ZnO:Al/CZTSe structure. It has been found that the pulse energy and the number of laser pulses have a significantly stronger effect on the ablation quality in ZnO:Al/CIGS thin films rather than the laser pulse duration. For the thin-film scribing applications, it is very important to carefully select the processing parameters and use of ultra-short femtosecond pulses does not have a significant advantage compared to picosecond laser pulses. Investigations with the ZnO:Al/CZTSe thin films showed that process of the absorber layer removal was triggered by a micro-explosive effect induced by high pressure of sublimated material due to a rapid temperature increase at the molybdenum-CZTSe interface.


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