Systematiske oversikter og kvalitativ forskning

Berg, Rigmor C.; Munthe-Kaas, Heather
June 2013
Norsk Epidemiologi;2013, Vol. 23 Issue 2, p131
Academic Journal
There is growing interest in summarising and synthesising qualitative research in systematic reviews. Among other things, this indicates an increasing appreciation for the potential role of qualitative evidence in informing policy and practice. While systematic reviews of effect studies can establish whether an intervention works, systematic reviews of qualitative research can offer insights into the "how" and "why" of potential effects. The importance of such questions, and the value of systematic reviews of qualitative research, is now recognized by a number of international organizations, including the Cochrane and Campbell Collaborations. The Cochrane Handbook describes four ways in which qualitative research can contribute to evidence-based practice, namely by informing, enhancing, extending, and supplementing systematic reviews of the effect of interventions. The methodology for conducting reviews of qualitative research is rapidly developing, and at present there is no standard approach. Systematic searches for qualitative research are often more broadly cast but otherwise follow many of the same principles of a literature search within a systematic review of effect. There are ongoing debates and research regarding criteria for inclusion of studies in general, and whether to include studies of low methodological quality in particular. An array of methods to synthesise qualitative evidence exists, and such evidence may also be synthesised together with quantitative evidence. Meta-ethnography and thematic analysis are the most commonly used synthesis methods.


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