Prevalence of major cardiovascular risk factors and adverse risk profiles among three ethnic groups in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China

Jing Tao; Yi-tong Ma; Yang Xiang; Xiang Xie; Yi-ning Yang; Xiao-mei Li; Zhen-Yan Fu; Xiang Ma; Fen Liu; Bang-dang Chen; Zi-xiang Yu; You Chen
January 2013
Lipids in Health & Disease;2013, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p1
Academic Journal
Background Prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors have been scarcely studied in Xinjiang, a multi-ethnic region. Methods Multi-ethnic, cross-sectional cardiovascular risk survey study in Xinjiang, including individuals of Uygur (n = 4695), Han (n = 3717) and Kazakh (n = 3196) ethnicities, aged 35- 74 years. Analyses involved 11,608 participants with complete data enrolled between October 2007 and March 2010. Results There were differences in age-standardized prevalence of CVD risk factors between the three groups (all P < 0.001). Hypertension, obesity and smoking rates were higher among Kazakh (54.6%, 24.5%, and 35.8%, respectively). Dyslipidemia prevalence was higher among Uygur (54.3%), and diabetes prevalence was higher among Hans (7.1%). Age-standardized prevalence of adverse CVD risk profiles was different across different ethnicities. Compared with the Han participants, the Uygur and Kazakh had more CVD risk factors (P < 0.001). Compared with the Han participants, the adjusted odds ratios of 1, 2, and ⩾3 risk factors profiles for Kazakh and Uygur participants were higher (all P < 0.001). Conclusions The present study showed the pervasive burden of CVD risk factors in all participant groups in the Xinjiang region. Three major ethnic groups living in Xinjiang had striking differences in the prevalence of major CVD risk factors and adverse risk profiles. Ethnic-specific strategies should be developed to prevent CVD in different ethnic groups, as well as to develop strategies to prevent future development of adverse CVD risk factors at a younger age.


Related Articles

  • A Study of Microalbuminuria and Target Organ Damage in Patients with Essential Hypertension. Badiger, Sharan; H. M., Sandeep; Talikoti, Satish C.; M. S., Biradar // International Journal of Biological & Medical Research;2012, Vol. 3 Issue 1, p1351 

    Hypertension usually associated with other cardiovascular risk factors such as age, overweight, diabetes, insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. The target organ damage such as left ventricular hypertrophy, microalbuminuria, acute coronary syndrome, stroke and cognitive dysfunction takes place...

  • rPrevious Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Markers of Cardiovascular Risk. Vrachnis, Nikolaos; Augoulea, Areti; Iliodromiti, Zoe; Lambrinoudaki, Irene; Sifakis, Stavros; Creatsas, George // International Journal of Endocrinology;2012, p1 

    The prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in the developed world has increased at an alarming rate over the last few decades. GDM has been shown to be associated with postpartum diabetes, insulin resistance, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. A history of previous GDM (pGDM), associated...

  • OBESITY AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES IN A HIGH-RISK POPULATION: EVIDENCE-BASED APPROACH TO CHD RISK REDUCTION. Kwagyan, John; Retta, Tamrat M.; Ketete, Muluemebet; Bettencourt, Cristina N.; Maqbool, Abid R.; Shichen Xu; Randall, Otelio S. // Ethnicity & Disease;Spring2015, Vol. 25 Issue 2, p208 

    Background:Obesity is becoming a worldwide public health problem and it is expected to worsen as its prevalence is increasing in children and adolescents. This report examined the distribution of major cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and the effect of lifestyle changes on coronary...

  • Prevalence of Premorbid Metabolic Syndrome in Spanish Adult Workers Using IDF and ATPIII Diagnostic Criteria: Relationship with Cardiovascular Risk Factors. Tauler, Pedro; Bennasar-Veny, Miquel; Morales-Asencio, Jose M.; Lopez-Gonzalez, Angel A.; Vicente-Herrero, Teofila; De Pedro-Gomez, Joan; Royo, Vanessa; Pericas-Beltran, Jordi; Aguilo, Antoni // PLoS ONE;Feb2014, Vol. 9 Issue 2, p1 

    Background: Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is a complex disorder defined as a cluster of interconnected risk factors such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, obesity and high blood glucose levels. Premorbid metabolic syndrome (PMetS) is defined by excluding patients with previously diagnosed...

  • Trends in Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factor Prevalence and Estimated 10-Year Cardiovascular Risk Scores in a Large Untreated French Urban Population: The CARVAR 92 Study. Karam, Carma; Beauchet, Alain; Czernichow, Sebastien; de Roquefeuil, Florence; Bourez, Alain; Mansencal, Nicolas; Dubourg, Olivier // PLoS ONE;Apr2015, Vol. 10 Issue 4, p1 

    Background: Surveys measuring effectiveness of public awareness campaigns in reducing cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence have yielded equivocal findings. The aim of this study was to describe cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) changes over the years in an untreated population-based study....

  • Prevalence and distribution of (micro)albuminuria in toddlers. Gracchi, Valentina; van den Belt, Sophie M.; Küpers, Leanne K.; Corpeleijn, Eva; de Zeeuw, Dick; Heerspink, Hiddo J. L. // Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation;Oct2016, Vol. 31 Issue 10, p1686 

    Background. Microalbuminuria is common in the general adult population, with a prevalence of ~7%, and is an independent indicator of renal and cardiovascular risks. Whether albuminuria is acquired during life (as a result of hypertension/ diabetes) or is congenital and already present at birth...

  • Prevalence and Clustering of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors among Tibetan Adults in China: A Population-Based Study. Xu, Shaopeng; Jiayong, Zepei; Li, Bin; Zhu, Hong; Chang, Hong; Shi, Wei; Gao, Zhengxuan; Ning, Xianjia; Wang, Jinghua // PLoS ONE;Jun2015, Vol. 10 Issue 6, p1 

    Objectives: The prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors has increased worldwide. However, the prevalence and clustering of cardiovascular disease risk factors among Tibetans is currently unknown. We aimed to explore the prevalence and clustering of cardiovascular disease risk factors...

  • Ethnicity and cardiovascular risk factors: evaluation of 40,921 normal-weight, overweight or obese children and adolescents living in Central Europe. Martin, L; Oepen, J; Reinehr, T; Wabitsch, M; Claussnitzer, G; Waldeck, E; Ingrisch, S; Stachow, R; Oelert, M; Wiegand, S; Holl, R; APV Study Group; German Competence Network Adipositas // International Journal of Obesity;Jan2015, Vol. 39 Issue 1, p45 

    Background and Aims: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major global health problem and the leading cause of death in Europe. Risk factors such as obesity and hypertension that accelerate the development of CVD begin in childhood. Ethnicity is a known risk factor for CVD in adults....

  • Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of dyslipidemia among adults in Northwestern China: the cardiovascular risk survey. Jun-yi Luo; Yi-Tong Ma; Zi-xiang Yu; Yi-Ning Yang; Xiang Xie; Xiang Ma; Fen Liu; Xiao-mei Li; Bang-dang Chen // Lipids in Health & Disease;2014, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p1 

    Aim The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of dyslipidemia in Xinjiang, China. Method Stratified sampling method was used to select a representative sample of the general population including Chinese Han, Uygur, and Kazak in this geographic area....


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics