Impaired fasting glucose as an independent risk factor for hypertension among healthy middle-aged Japanese subjects with optimal blood pressure: the Yuport Medical Check up Centre retrospective cohort study

Masaaki Morio; Machiko Inoue; Kazuo Inoue; Kimihiko Akimoto
January 2013
Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome;2013, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p2
Academic Journal
Background This study aimed at investigating whether impaired fasting glucose (IFG) is an independent risk factor for incident hypertension among middle-aged Japanese subjects with optimal blood pressure (OBP). Findings This retrospective cohort study was conducted in 2943 non-diabetic and non-hypertensive subjects aged 40-64 years, who participated in a voluntary health check-up program during the baseline (1998-2002) and follow-up periods (2002-2006). A multiple logistic regression model was utilized to calculate the odds ratio (OR) of incident hypertension among men and women with IFG and OBP. OBP was defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) <120 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) <80 mmHg, with no known history of hypertension. In this study, hypertension was defined as SBP ⩾140 mmHg and DBP ⩾90 mmHg or by a selfreported clinical diagnosis of hypertension. After the mean follow-up period of 5.6 years, the incidence of hypertension in men and women was 5.7% (73/1270) and 3.8% (62/1673), respectively. The age-adjusted ORs for incident hypertension in men and women with IFG were 1.95 (95% CI, 1.21-3.15) and 3.54 (95% CI, 2.00-6.27), respectively. After adjusting for age, systolic blood pressure, body mass index, total cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and uric acid, the ORs for hypertension were 1.66 (95% CI; 1.02- 2.70) for men and 2.62 (95% CI, 1.45-4.73) for women. Conclusion The study results show that IFG may act as an independent risk factor for developing hypertension in individuals with OBP.


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