TITLE

A survey of antibiotic prescribing by maxillofacial consultants for dental extractions following radiotherapy to the oral cavity

AUTHOR(S)
Kanatas, A.N.; Rogers, S.N.; Martin, M.V.
PUB. DATE
February 2002
SOURCE
British Dental Journal;2/9/2002, Vol. 192 Issue 3, p157
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
journal article
ABSTRACT
Objectives: To analyse the antibiotic prescribing trends for exodontia and minor oral surgery in patients with a history of radiotherapy. Also, to evaluate the use of hyperbaric oxygen as a separate modality in the prevention of osteoradionecrosis. Design: A survey of antibiotic prescribing involving the analysis of a questionnaire which included the management of three patients with a history of head and neck malignancy. Method: The heads of the departments in each unit in the UK were sent a closed-response questionnaire. Antibiotic prescribing was assessed in three case scenarios. Case one referred to a patient that had surgery alone as part of the management of head and neck cancer, who needed the surgical removal of second molar roots. Case two referred to a patient that had surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy as part of the management of head and neck cancer, and needed the same procedure as in case one. Case three included a patient with a history of surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy, who required the extraction of three mobile and periodontally-involved lower incisors. Consultants were also asked about the use of hyperbaric oxygen in the patients who had radiotherapy as part of their treatment strategy. Results: A total of 109 questionnaires were sent to all the Maxillofacial Units in the UK. The response rate was 73%. In patients with a history of radical surgery alone for the management of head and neck cancer, 20% of the surgeons advocated pre-operative antibiotics for the surgical removal of lower posterior teeth. In contrast, in the patient with a history of adjuvant radiotherapy 86% supported pre-operative antimicrobial use for the surgical removal of the same teeth. In the extraction of mobile and periodontally involved lower incisors in the previously irradiated patient, 63% of the clinicians supported pre-extraction antibiotics. Postoperative antibiotics were advocated in 52% in the first case, 89% in the second case and 71% in the third case. 34% of the clinicians advocated hyperbaric oxygen for surgical removal of posterior teeth and 15% for the extraction of mobile anterior teeth. Conclusions: The use of peri-extraction antibiotics was favoured among oral and maxillofacial surgeons. There was little enthusiasm towards the use of hyperbaric oxygen as a prophylactic measure, alone or in conjunction with an antimicrobial regime. Control randomised trials that will measure the effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen and the appropriate use of antibiotics for prophylaxis in pre- and post-operative regimes are necessary to evaluate the use of these modalities.
ACCESSION #
9353578

 

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