TITLE

EL SISTEMA DE CUESTIONARIOS Y RELACIONES GEOGRÁFICAS EN EL MUNDO HISPÁNICO DE LA ILUSTRACIÓN. UN PROCEDIMIENTO PARA OBTENER Y DIFUNDIR INFORMACIÓN CLIMÁTICA

AUTHOR(S)
MOLINA GARCÍA, JUAN ALBERTO
PUB. DATE
December 2013
SOURCE
Llull: Revista de la Sociedad Espanola de Historia de las Cienci;2013, Vol. 36 Issue 78, p307
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
During the Enlightenment, the Spanish Empire reached its maximum extension and state institutions increased science. To defend their borders and to wield political and economical power, the Crown needed exact information about its territories, including climate. One of the procedures employed was the system of questionnaires and geographic relations, dating back to the sixteenth century. It was used by a lot of informers who obtained and transmitted all sort of data. Their activity was based on labor division, distribution of collaborators at several places, use of homogeneous protocols and understandable communication codes, in order to send the results to the authorities who took decisions. From 1777, interrogatories and final reports included quantitative atmospheric data. Nonetheless, records were made on a discontinuous and sporadic way, scientific instruments were not always available, and meteorological values (temperature and pressure, generally) were not always measured under the same conditions.
ACCESSION #
93454256

 

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