TITLE

Prospects for a genetic management strategy to control Gyrodactylus salaris infection in wild Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) stocks

AUTHOR(S)
Salte, Ragnar; Bentsen, Hans Bernhard; Moen, Thomas; Tripathy, Smita; Bakke, Tor Andreas; Ødegård, Jørgen; Omholt, Stig; Hansen, Lars Petter
PUB. DATE
January 2010
SOURCE
Canadian Journal of Fisheries & Aquatic Sciences;Jan2010, Vol. 67 Issue 1, p121
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
We estimated additive genetic variation and heritability of survival after Gyrodactylus salaris infection from survival records in a pedigreed family material of wild Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in a controlled challenge test. We used a statistical model that distinguishes between survival time for the fish that died and the ability to survive the entire test as two separate traits. Eleven of the 49 full-sib families suffered 100% mortality, 15 families had between 10% and 25% survival, and the four least affected families had survival rates between 36% and 48%. Estimated heritability of survival on the liability scale was 0.32 ± 0.10. Time until death for fish that died during the test and the ability to survive the entire test were not expressions of the same genetic trait. Simply selecting survivors as parents for the next generation is expected to more than double the overall survival rate in only one generation, given similar exposure to the parasite. Improving the genetic capacity to survive the infection will probably not eradicate the parasite, but when used as a disease control measure, such improvement may contain the infection at a level where the parasite ceases to be a major problem.
ACCESSION #
93451179

 

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