TITLE

Urine proteomes of healthy aging humans reveal extracellular matrix (ECM) alterations and immune system dysfunction

AUTHOR(S)
Bakun, M.; Senatorski, G.; Rubel, T.; Lukasik, A.; Zielenkiewicz, P.; Dadlez, M.; Paczek, L.
PUB. DATE
February 2014
SOURCE
Age;Feb2014, Vol. 36 Issue 1, p299
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Aging is a complex physiological process that poses considerable conundrums to rapidly aging societies. For example, the risk of dying from cardiovascular diseases and/or cancer steadily declines for people after their 60s, and other causes of death predominate for seniors older than 80 years of age. Thus, physiological aging presents numerous unanswered questions, particularly with regard to changing metabolic patterns. Urine proteomics analysis is becoming a non-invasive and reproducible diagnostic method. We investigated the urine proteomes in healthy elderly people to determine which metabolic processes were weakened or strengthened in aging humans. Urine samples from 37 healthy volunteers aged 19-90 years (19 men, 18 women) were analyzed for protein expression by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. This generated a list of 19 proteins that were differentially expressed in different age groups (young, intermediate, and old age). In particular, the oldest group showed protein changes reflective of altered extracellular matrix turnover and declining immune function, in which changes corresponded to reported changes in cardiovascular tissue remodeling and immune disorders in the elderly. Thus, urinary proteome changes in the elderly appear to reflect the physiological processes of aging and are particularly clearly represented in the circulatory and immune systems. Detailed identification of 'protein trails' creates a more global picture of metabolic changes that occur in the elderly.
ACCESSION #
93447568

 

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