TITLE

Celastrol from 'Thunder God Vine' Protects SH-SY5Y Cells Through the Preservation of Mitochondrial Function and Inhibition of p38 MAPK in a Rotenone Model of Parkinson's Disease

AUTHOR(S)
Choi, Bong-Suk; Kim, Hyool; Lee, Hyo; Sapkota, Kumar; Park, Se; Kim, Seung; Kim, Sung-Jun
PUB. DATE
January 2014
SOURCE
Neurochemical Research;Jan2014, Vol. 39 Issue 1, p84
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Celastrol, a potent natural triterpene and one of the most promising medicinal molecules, is known to possess a broad range of biological activity. Rotenone, a pesticide and complex I inhibitor, is commonly used to produce experimental models of Parkinson's disease both in vivo and in vitro. The present study was designed to examine the effects of celastrol on cell injury induced by rotenone in the human dopaminergic cells and to elucidate the possible mechanistic clues in its neuroprotective action. We demonstrate that celastrol protects SH-SY5Y cells from rotenone-induced cellular injury and apoptotic cell death. Celastrol also prevented the increased generation of reactive oxygen species and mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) loss induced by rotenone. Similarly, celastrol treatment inhibited cytochrome c release, Bax/Bcl-2 ratio changes, and caspase-9/3 activation. Celastrol specifically inhibited rotenone-evoked p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase activation in SH-SY5Y cells. These data suggest that celastrol may serve as a potent agent for prevention of neurotoxin-induced neurodegeneration through multiple mechanisms and thus has therapeutic potential for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases.
ACCESSION #
93434898

 

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