TITLE

Hypobaric Hypoxia Postconditioning Reduces Brain Damage and Improves Antioxidative Defense in the Model of Birth Asphyxia in 7-Day-Old Rats

AUTHOR(S)
Gamdzyk, Marcin; Makarewicz, Dorota; Słomka, Marta; Ziembowicz, Apolonia; Salinska, Elzbieta
PUB. DATE
January 2014
SOURCE
Neurochemical Research;Jan2014, Vol. 39 Issue 1, p68
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Perinatal brain insult mostly resulting from hypoxia-ischemia (H-I) often brings lifelong permanent disability, which has a major impact on the life of individuals and their families. The lack of progress in clinically-applicable neuroprotective strategies for birth asphyxia has led to an increasing interest in alternative methods of therapy, including induction of brain tolerance by pre- and particularly postconditioning. Hypoxic postconditioning represents a promising strategy for preventing ischemic brain damage. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential neuroprotective effect of hypobaric hypoxia (HH) postconditioning applied to 7-day old rats after H-I insult. The mild hypobaric conditions (0.47 atm) used in this study imitate an altitude of 5,000 m. We show that application of mild hypobaric hypoxia at relatively short time intervals (1-6 h) after H-I, repeated for two following days leads to significant neuroprotection, manifested by a reduction in weight loss of the ipsilateral hemisphere observed 14 days after H-I. HH postconditioning results in decrease in reactive oxygen species level observed in all experimental groups. The increase in superoxide dismutase activity observed after H-I is additionally enhanced by HH postconditioning applied 1 h after H-I. The increase observed 3 and 6 h after H-I was not statistically significant. Postconditioning with HH suppresses the glutathione concentration decrease evoked by H-I and increased glutathione peroxidase activity and this effect is not dependent on the time of postconditioning initiation. HH postconditioning had no effect on catalase activity. We show for the first time that HH postconditioning reduces brain damage resulting from H-I in immature rats and that the mechanism potentially involved in this effect is related to antioxidant defense mechanisms of immature brain.
ACCESSION #
93434888

 

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