TITLE

Factors affecting antifungal activity of Streptomyces philanthi RM-1-138 against Rhizoctonia solani

AUTHOR(S)
Boukaew, Sawai; Prasertsan, Poonsuk
PUB. DATE
January 2014
SOURCE
World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology;Jan2014, Vol. 30 Issue 1, p323
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Sheath blight disease of rice caused by Rhizoctonia solani Kühn is economically important disease in most of the world's rice growing areas. The disease causes severe yield losses of >20 % of rice in Thailand. Our previous investigation reported the antifungal activity of Streptomyces philanthi RM-1-138 against R. solani PTRRC-9. In this study, glucose yeast-malt extract medium, initial pH of 7.5 and a temperature of 30 °C were found to be optimum for both cell growth and antifungal activity of S. philanthi RM-1-138. The inhibition of 94 and 100 % on the growth of R. solani PTRRC-9 were achieved from the antifungal metabolites of the 6 and 9-days-old culture filtrates of S. philanthi RM-1-138, respectively. Heat treatment on the culture filtrate had slight effect on its antifungal activity. The culture broth demonstrated higher antifungal activity on growth of R. solani PTRRC-9 (90.4 %) than the culture filtrate (31.5 %) and its effective dose was at 0.1 % (v/v). The present results indicated the possibilities of using either the culture broth or culture filtrate of S. philanthi RM-1-138 to inhibit growth of R. solani PTRRC-9.
ACCESSION #
93434698

 

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