TITLE

Cloning and characterization of a new broadspecific β-glucosidase from Lactococcus sp. FSJ4

AUTHOR(S)
Fang, Shujun; Chang, Jie; Lee, Yong; Guo, Weiliang; Choi, Yong; Zhou, Yongcan
PUB. DATE
January 2014
SOURCE
World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology;Jan2014, Vol. 30 Issue 1, p213
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
A β-glucosidase gene bglX was cloned from Lactococcus sp. FSJ4 by the method of shotgun. The bglX open reading frame consisted of 1,437 bp, encoding 478 amino acids. SDS-PAGE showed a recombinant bglX monomer of 54 kDa. Substrate specificity study revealed that the enzyme exhibited multifunctional catalysis activity against pNPG, pNPX and pNPGal. This enzyme shows higher activity against aryl glycosides of xylose than those of glucose or galactose. The enzyme exhibited the maximal activity at 40 °C, and the optimal pH was 6.0 with pNPG and 6.5 with pNPX as the substrates. Molecular modeling and substrate docking showed that there should be one active center responsible for the mutifuntional activity in this enzyme, since the active site pocket was substantially wide to allow the entry of pNPG, pNPX and pNPGal, which elucidated the structure-function relationship in substrate specificities. Substrate docking results indicated that Glu180 and Glu377 were the essential catalytic residues of the enzyme. The CDOCKER_ENERGY values obtained by substrate docking indicated that the enzyme has higher activity against pNPX than those of pNPG and pNPGal. These observations are in conformity with the results obtained from experimental investigation. Therefore, such substrate specificity makes this β-glucosidase of great interest for further study on physiological and catalytic reaction processes.
ACCESSION #
93434683

 

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