Current Status and Future Prospects for Korean wheat Research Using Molecular Markers

Jae-Han Son; Kyeong-Hoon Kim; Sang-Hyun Shin; Hag-Sin Kim; Nam-Soo Kim; Jong-Nae Hyun; Chon-Sik Kang
September 2013
Korean Journal of Breeding Science;2013, Vol. 45 Issue 3, p189
Academic Journal
Academic and technical development of a variety of molecular markers in plant research has brought new innovations. DNA molecular markers have been used in a variety of fields, such as plant taxonomy, physiology and genetic engineering, as well as simple DNA fingerprints. Wheat is one of the three important crop with maize and rice. However, wheat have so enormous genome (17,000 Mb) that they have a lot of trouble to research follow. In this study, we analyzed that the reported on the research field of wheat have been reported until now, and was to provide direction for future research. The results of analysis of 1,123 episode of major papers published from 1990 to 2012, the field of genetics and breeding was highest 38.3%, molecular marker was 26.9% and physiology was 1.5%, respectively. In Korea, 35 wheat cultivars were developed such as "Kumkang". Most of all the Korean wheat cultivars are developed for specific applications that is baking or noodles. Therefore, the development of specific molecular markers related to abiotic or biotic stress, yield and quality of wheat flour are able to use useful tools to protect wheat varieties, as well as the wheat breeding programe, the quantity and quality of wheat


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