TITLE

Distortion, Bias, and Ethical Informed Consent: Presentations of Etiological and Treatment Factors in Abnormal Psychology Textbooks

AUTHOR(S)
Hunter, Noel
PUB. DATE
November 2013
SOURCE
Ethical Human Psychology & Psychiatry;2013, Vol. 15 Issue 3, p160
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Concerns have been made highlighting the need for true informed consent and choice when patients and/or parents are confronted with seeking treatment for severe emotional states and crises. Yet, psychosocial treatments are often derided or recommended only in conjunction with psychotropic medications because of the assumed biological basis of mental distress. At the same time, the benefits of medications are often inflated, whereas the harmful effects are drastically minimized or not reported at all. This misinformation is distributed to the public, and to patients, in part through the education of students and trainees. Early educational experiences can shape the thinking of trainees as they begin to formulate their respective approaches to clinical populations, and textbooks are a fundamental part of this education. The purpose of this study was to analyze popular abnormal psychology textbooks to evaluate their representation of the current scientific literature regarding psychopathology. Content areas that were explored were those related to depression, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and schizophrenia. Misrepresenta-tions of the literature were pervasive in areas associated with biological findings. In addi-tion, there were multiple omissions or biased statements related to psychosocial findings, distortions regarding the efficacy of and adverse effects of various treatments, and a lack of reports of the existence of effective alternative approaches to standard mental health care. Concerns regarding the dissemination of distorted and false information in higher education as it pertains to ethics and informed consent are discussed.
ACCESSION #
93394807

 

Related Articles

  • Survey of acute renal failure in patients with cystic fibrosis in the UK. Bertenshaw, Carol; Watson, Alan R.; Lewis, Sarah; Smyth, Alan // Thorax;Jun2007, Vol. 62 Issue 6, p541 

    Background: There has been a recent increase in the number of reported cases of acute renal failure (ARF) in cystic fibrosis (CF). A study was undertaken to determine the incidence risk of ARF in patients with CF in the UK and to identify possible aetiological factors....

  • Users criticise psychiatric care. Ringman, Sharon // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);5/8/93, Vol. 306 Issue 6887, p1225 

    Reports complaints of patients in psychiatric care in Great Britain. Failure of medical personnel to ask for consent in giving treatments; Reasons for contacting mental health services; Views of recipients on electroconvulsive therapy.

  • Informing patients about tardive dyskinesia. Chaplin, Robert; Kent, Andrew // British Journal of Psychiatry;Jan98, Vol. 172, p78 

    Background This paper evaluates the effects on knowledge and clinical stability of an educational intervention about tardive dyskinesia. Method Fifty-six patients receiving antipsychotic maintenance completed a questionnaire assessing their knowledge about tardive dyskinesia. After-random...

  • IX. From Clinical Judgment to Clinical Trial. Talavera, Juan O.; Rivas-Ruiz, Rodolfo // Revista Medica del IMSS;2013 supplement, Vol. 51, pS58 

    Two strategies are described, intended to understand causality and documenting it with the best evidence: the clinical judgment and clinical trial. In the first one, the baseline state, the maneuver and the outcome are identified, each one with characteristics showing the complexity of the...

  • IX. Del juicio clínico al ensayo clínico. Talavera, Juan O.; Rivas-Ruiz, Rodolfo // Revista Medica del IMSS;2013 supplement, Vol. 51, pS58 

    No abstract available.

  • Adrenocorticotropic hormone levels in dogs with pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism following trilostane therapy. Witt, A. L.; Neiger, R. // Veterinary Record: Journal of the British Veterinary Association;3/27/2004, Vol. 154 Issue 13, p399 

    Examines the treatment of acute self-aggressive behavior in a captive gorilla. Consideration of aetiology; Use of remote delivery injection system; Workability of psychopharmaceutical treatment.

  • Motivadores de consumo de alcohol en adolescentes: análisis de diferencias inter-género y propuesta de un continuum etiológico. de la Villa Moral Jiménez, Maria; Francisco Javier Rodríguez Diaz; Ruiz, Carlos Sirvent // Adicciones;2005, Vol. 17 Issue 2, p105 

    We analyse the principal relevant motivators for alcohol consumption, using a psychosociological and clinical approach, and with a proposal for an aetiological continuum to a comprehensively approached problematic. Gender differences in experimentation with alcohol and other psychoactive...

  • WHAT'S REALLY making you sick? Haigh, Charlotte // Good Medicine (Australian Consolidated Press);Jun2006, p34 

    The article gives advice on controlling negative emotions that led to various health problems. Negative emotions could well be the root of your health problems. Suppressed emotions can contribute to many conditions. We do not know exactly how it works, but hundreds of years of evidence show us...

  • Wisconsin Twin Panel: current directions and findings. Lemery-Chalfant, Kathryn; Goldsmith, H. Hill; Schmidt, Nichole L.; Arneson, Carrie L.; Van Hulle, Carol A. // Twin Research & Human Genetics;Dec2006, Vol. 9 Issue 6, p1030 

    The Wisconsin Twin Panel is based on the population of all twins born in the state of Wisconsin, United States. Our research focus is the etiology and developmental course of early emotions, temperament, childhood anxiety and impulsivity, the autism spectrum, auditory and tactile sensory...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics