Obesity detection rate among primary school students in the People's Republic of China: a meta-analysis

Yue-long Jin; Ling-ling Ding; Ying-shui Yao; Xiu-li Song; Hui Tang; Lian-ping He; Yan Chen
October 2013
Therapeutics & Clinical Risk Management;2013, Vol. 9, p383
Academic Journal
Background: Obesity has become a major public health problem worldwide. The prevalence of obesity is rising alarmingly among children and adolescents in the People's Republic of China, with an estimated 120 million now in the obese range. It is estimated that 8% of children in the People's Republic of China are obese and 12% are overweight. Methods: Eligible papers on the prevalence of obesity among primary school students in the People's Republic of China and published between 2006 and 2011 were retrieved from PubMed and from online Chinese periodicals, ie, the full-text databases of VIP, the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wan Fang. Meta-Analyst software was used to collate and analyze the detection rates cited in the papers retrieved. Results: After evaluation of the quality of the papers, 25 were finally included, giving a total sample population size for investigation of obesity of 219,763, in which 28,121 cases were detected. Meta-analysis showed that the combined obesity detection rate was 10.4% (95% confidence interval 8.6-12.6) among primary school students in the People's Republic of China, with a higher detection rate in boys (12.6%) than in girls (7.2%). The prevalence of obesity was higher in the north (11.8%) than in the south (9.5%), east (11.6%), and mid-west (8.0%) regions. Obesity defined according to the World Health Organization weight-for-height standard (14.3%) was higher than that using age-specific and gender-specific cutoff points for body mass index (9.0%). Conclusion: Our meta-analysis found an obesity prevalence rate of 10.4%, which does not seem as high as previous reports of childhood obesity rates in other countries. However, the prevalence of childhood obesity in the People's Republic of China is still worrisome, and is likely to rise even further if we fail to take effective and practical measures now.


Related Articles

  • Association Between Obesity, Dental Caries and Socioeconomic Status in 6- and 13-year-old School Children. Sakeenabi, Basha; Swamy, Hiremath Shivalinga; Mohammed, Roshan Noor // Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry;2012, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p231 

    Purpose: To investigate the association between dental caries, obesity and socioeconomic status (SES) in 6-and 13-year-old school children in Davangere city, Karnataka, India. Materials and Methods: Data were obtained from a cohort of 1,550 children. Dental caries detection was performed...

  • Nutritional habits and obesity: Primary school students in Sinop, the northernmost point of Turkey. Cabar, Huriye Demet; Özeren, Gül Sultan; Altay, Birsen // Journal of Experimental & Clinical Medicine;Mar2014, Vol. 31 Issue 1, p13 

    The conditions in which energy intake is more than energy consumption and the clinical conditions which arise with the increase in fat tissue is generally called obesity. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines obesity as the abnormal or excessive accumulation of fat in the body such that it...

  • A Global Approach to Obesity. Marchessault, Gail // Healthy Weight Journal;Nov/Dec1999, Vol. 13 Issue 6, p81 

    Editorial. Discusses the prevalence of obesity in both developing and industrialized countries. Rates of obesity in Canada; Details on the World Health Organization's approach to the prevention of weight-related problems.

  • Overnutrition hits Africa.  // African Business;Jan2014, Issue 404, p12 

    The article focuses on the World Health Organization (WHO) report depicting increased rate of overweight and obesity by 35 percent between 1992 and 2005 in Africa.

  • Prevalence of obesity among primary students from 2009 to 2014 in China: an update meta-analysis. He, Falin; Jialin Liu // International Journal of Clinical & Experimental Medicine;2014, Vol. 7 Issue 12, p5348 

    Background: In recent years, obesity has become the major public health problems worldwide. The aim of the meta-analysis is to estimate the overall prevalence of obesity among children and adolescents in China, Publications between 2009 and 2014 on the obesity prevalence among primary school...

  • WHO cross-national survey reports on children's health.  // Public Health Reports;Jan/Feb97, Vol. 112 Issue 1, p5 

    Focuses on the result of the fourth survey carried out since 1982 by the World Health Organization on school children in countries in Europe and Canada. Method used in the study; How the school setting contributes to the perceptions students have about their health and happiness; Implications...

  • Taming the Burgeoning Stroke Epidemic in Africa: Stroke Quadrangle to the Rescue. Owolabi, M. O. // West Indian Medical Journal;Jul2011, Vol. 60 Issue 4, p412 

    Objectives: Globally, stroke is the second leading cause of death. This is a systematic review of the existing literature to examine the burden and profile of stroke in the World Health Organization (WHO) African region and proffer coordinated and responsive means to tackle the epidemic....

  • The Limits of Medical Interventions for the Elimination of Preventable Blindness. Goldschmidt, Pablo; Einterz, Ellen // Tropical Medicine & Health;2014, Vol. 42 Issue 1, p43 

    Back ground Health authorities are working toward the global elimination of trachoma by the year 2020 with actions focused on the World Health Organization SAFE strategy (surgery of trichiasis, antibiotics, face washing and environmental changes) with emphasis on hygienist approaches for...

  • World Report on Obesity: Prevention. Berg, Frances M. // Healthy Weight Journal;Nov/Dec1999, Vol. 13 Issue 6, p87 

    Focuses on the report 'Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic,' published in 1998 by the World Health Organization. Factors attributed to the increase in obesity in most countries; Prevention of obesity; Levels of prevention programs.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics