TITLE

Epidemiología de las infecciones intrahospitalarias por el uso de catéteres venosos centrales

AUTHOR(S)
Sandoval, Marisol; Guevara, Armando; Torres, Karla; Viloria, Víctor
PUB. DATE
January 2013
SOURCE
Revista Kasmera;ene-jun2013, Vol. 41 Issue 1, p7
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Nosocomial infections due to the use of central venous catheters are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in developed and developing countries; the most frequent is nosocomial bacteremia. Objective: To determine the frequency of nosocomial infections related to use of central venous catheters in patients at the University Hospital Complex "Ruiz y Páez" in Ciudad Bolivar, State of Bolivar, Venezuela. Methods: Thirty-one patients with central venous catheters treated in the services for Surgery, Medicine, Adult Emergency, and the Intensive Care and Dialysis Units were studied during the period May to September, 2008. Results: It was observed that 13 (41.90%) patients had some type of nosocomial infection; nosocomial bacteremia was the most frequent in 6 patients (46.15%), followed by infection of the entry point or connection of the central venous catheters (4 patients; 30.80%). The most common microorganisms were gram-positive bacteria, predominantly Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase negative staphylococci. The hospital service with the highest incidence of cases was the Intensive Care Unit with 30.80%. The most important risk factors were prolonged catheterization ≥ 4days and the severity of the underlying disease, among others. Conclusions: Nosocomial infections occasioned by the use of central venous catheters are common and must be diagnosed by clinical and microbiological results. The placement techniques and management of catheters by medical and nursing staff must be monitored.
ACCESSION #
92550970

 

Related Articles

  • Mortalidad e infecciones nosocomiales en dos unidades de cuidados intensivos de la ciudad de Barranquilla (Colombia). Perez, Julio Durán; Garcia, Luis Carlos Rodriguez; Alcalá-Cerra3, Gabriel // Salud Uninorte;jul2008, Vol. 24 Issue 1, p74 

    Objective: To evaluate the behavior of mortality and nosocomial infections in two Intensive Care Units from Barranquilla. Materials and Methods: A descriptive, prospective, single cohort study was designed. Total and adjusted mortality (later than 48 hours) were calculated in all population for...

  • Evaluation of device-associated infections in a neonatal intensive care unit. Yalaz, Mehmet; Altun-Köğroglu, Özge; Ulusoy, Behiye; Yıldız, Başak; Akisu, Mete; Vardar, Fadıl; Özinel, Mehmet Ali; Kültürsay, Nilgün // Turkish Journal of Pediatrics;Mar/Apr2012, Vol. 54 Issue 2, p128 

    Device-associated infections are common in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) in accordance with the frequent use of invasive devices, and they must be continuously and closely monitored for infection control. Six hundred newborn infants hospitalized longer than 72 hours in Ege University...

  • Prevention and management of catheter-related infection in hemodialysis patients. Lok, Charmaine E.; Mokrzycki, Michele H. // Kidney International;Mar2011, Vol. 79 Issue 6, p587 

    Central venous catheter-related infections have been associated with high morbidity, mortality, and costs. Catheter use in chronic hemodialysis patients has been recognized as distinct from other patient populations who require central venous access, leading to recent adaptations in...

  • Características de la bacteriemia relacionada con catéter venoso periférico en un hospital general. Delgado-Capel, Maria; Gabillo, Alessandra; Elias, Lorena; Yébenes, Juan Carlos; Sauca, Goretti; Capdevila, Josep Anton // Revista Española de Quimioterapia;jun2012, Vol. 25 Issue 2, p129 

    Introduction. Catheter sepsis is a constant and serious problem in our hospitals for the cost it generates, both in terms of morbidity and economics. It's becoming more frequent also in peripherally inserted catheters. Our study aims to know the importance and characteristics of peripheral...

  • Estudio de prevalencia puntual en un hospital pediátrico de tercer nivel. Lombardo-A, Dra. Esther; Hernández-O, Dra. Hilda; Pérez-R, Víctor Manuel; Orozco, Hazel; Soto, Elvia; Haro, Anabel; Caniza, Miguela // Acta Pediatrica de Mexico;mar/abr2012, Vol. 33 Issue 2, p76 

    Introduction. Systematic epidemiological surveillance is major policy that should be implemented in every hospital since it allows to assess the actual incidence of nosocomial infections, determine its causes and implement timely prevention and control measures. Point preva-lence studies were...

  • Epidemiology, Management, and Risk-Adjusted Mortality of ICU-Acquired Enterococcal Bacteremia. Ong, David S. Y.; Bonten, Marc J. M.; Safdari, Khatera; Spitoni, Cristian; Frencken, Jos F.; Witteveen, Esther; Horn, Janneke; Klouwenberg, Peter M. C. Klein; Cremer, Olaf L. // Clinical Infectious Diseases;11/1/2015, Vol. 61 Issue 9, p1413 

    Background: Enterococcal bacteremia has been associated with high case fatality, but it remains unknown to what extent death is caused by these infections. We therefore quantified attributable mortality of intensive care unit (ICU)-acquired bacteremia caused by enterococci. Methods: From 2011 to...

  • Intrahospital infection as a risk in haemodialysis patients with central venous catheters. Gerasimovska, V.; Popovska-Jovanovska, K. // BMC Proceedings;Jan2011 Supplement 6, Vol. 5, pP207 

    An abstract of the article "Intrahospital Infection As a Risk in Haemodialysis Patients With Central Venous Catheters," by V. Gerasimovska and colleagues is presented.

  • Infecciones nosocomiales en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Neonatales del Instituto Nacional de Pediatría. González-Saldaña, Napoleón; Castañeda-Narváez, José Luis; Saltigeral-Simental, Patricia; Rodríguez-Weber, Miguel Ángel; López-Candiani, Carlos; Rosas-Ruíz, Aurora; García-Solórzano, Elvira; Hernández-Orozco, Hilda G. // Acta Pediatrica de Mexico;ene/feb2011, Vol. 32 Issue 1, p28 

    No abstract available.

  • Increasing Incidence of Hospital-Acquired and Healthcare-Associated Bacteremia in Northeast Thailand: A Multicenter Surveillance Study. Hongsuwan, Maliwan; Srisamang, Pramot; Kanoksil, Manas; Luangasanatip, Nantasit; Jatapai, Anchalee; Day, Nicholas P.; Peacock, Sharon J.; Cooper, Ben S.; Limmathurotsakul, Direk // PLoS ONE;Oct2014, Vol. 9 Issue 10, p1 

    Background: Little is known about the epidemiology of nosocomial bloodstream infections in public hospitals in developing countries. We evaluated trends in incidence of hospital-acquired bacteremia (HAB) and healthcare-associated bacteremia (HCAB) and associated mortality in a developing...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics