TITLE

Bacteriology in Patients With Chronic rhinosinusitis in North of Iran (Sari)

AUTHOR(S)
Madani, Seyyed Abdollah; Hashemi, Seyyed Abbas; Fazli, Mehran; Esfandiar, Kiomars
PUB. DATE
October 2013
SOURCE
Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology;Oct2013, Vol. 6 Issue 8, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Chronic rhinosinusitis is an inflammatory-infectious disease involved paranasal sinuses as a common site of microbial pathogens and infections in patients suffering from the disease. The disease is labeled chronic when it lasts for more than 12 weeks. Objectives: As these infections constitute an important cause of morbidity it can be a strong life-threatening factor, in this investigation we examine the bacterial strains involved in development of chronic rhinosinusitis. Materials and Methods: This research was a prospective study of the bacterial strains involved in development of chronic rhinosinusitis in patients referred to Bou-Ali Sina Hospital in Sari, Iran. The study population included 253 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. Samples were collected from all patients' nasal discharge, which were cultured to investigate the type of microbial infection. The staining methods were Gram staining, Chinese ink staining, acid-fast staining and Papanicolaou staining. Finally, specific tests for detection and differentiation of the strains were performed. Results: Out of 253 patients, 124 (49.1%) were adult male, 49 (19/36%) were adult female and 80 patients (31.62%) were children under 5 years. The most common clinical symptoms including post-nasal drip (40.47%) and headache (32.62%). In general, the most isolated bacteria were Staphylococcus aureus (37.1%) and Pneumococcus (23.53%). Conclusions: In this study, it was found that S. aureus and Pneumococcus contributed the most to development of chronic rhinosinusitis.
ACCESSION #
92535954

 

Related Articles

  • Endoscopically guided aerobic cultures in postsurgical patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. Coffey, Charles S.; Sonnenburg, Robert E.; Melroy, Christopher T.; Dubin, Marc G.; Senior, Brent A. // American Journal of Rhinology;Jan/Feb2006, Vol. 20 Issue 1, p72 

    Background: There is considerable amount of debate in the literature regarding the microbial flora of normal, acutely infected, and chronically infected paranasal sinuses. Few studies have specifically looked at the microbial flora of healthy and infected sinus cavities after functional...

  • Clinical value of bacteriological examinations of nasal and paranasal mucosa in patients with chronic sinusitis. Kremer, Bernd; Jacobs, Jan Adriaan; Soudijn, Eduard Rupert; van der Ven, André Johannes Antonie Maria // European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology;Jul2001, Vol. 258 Issue 5, p220 

    Although many investigations on the bacteriology of chronic sinusitis have been reported, there is still much discussion about the physiological flora of the nose and paranasal sinuses, the role of the various aerobic and anaerobic “pathogenic” bacteria, and the influence of the...

  • Bacteriology of postradiotherapy chronic rhinosinusitis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients and chronic rhinosinusitis. Ze-Yi Deng; An-Zhou Tang // European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology;Sep2009, Vol. 266 Issue 9, p1403 

    The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the bacteriology of postradiotherapy chronic rhinosinusitis (postRT-CRS) and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) by evaluating the aspiration materials of the maxillary sinus of patients with postRT-CRS and patients with CRS. We collected the...

  • Çocuklarda Sinüzit. Cengiz, Ali Bülent // Journal of Pediatric Infection / Cocuk Enfeksiyon Dergisi;May2009 Supplement, Vol. 3 Issue S1, p35 

    Sinusitis is a common disease among children. Acute bacterial sinusitis usually develops after viral upper respiratory tract infection. Acute bacterial sinusitis diagnosis in children is generally based on clinical criteria (the situation whereby the findings and symptoms of upper respiratory...

  • The Constitutive Capacity of Human Keratinocytes to Kill Staphylococcus aureus Is Dependent on β-Defensin 3. Kisich, Kevin O.; Howell, Michael D.; Boguniewicz, Mark; Heizer, Heather R.; Watson, Nori U.; Leung, Donald Y. M. // Journal of Investigative Dermatology;Oct2007, Vol. 127 Issue 10, p2368 

    Normal skin is often exposed to bacteria, including potent pathogens such as E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Streptococcus sp., but these microbes usually do not cause skin inflammation or infection in healthy individuals. Therefore, we hypothesized that there must be a constitutive...

  • Bacterial Infection in Chronic Rhinosinusitis: A Controlled Paired Analysis. Bhattacharyya, Neil // American Journal of Rhinology;Nov/Dec2005, Vol. 19 Issue 6, p544 

    Background: The aim of this study was to determine if pathogenic bacteria are involved in the pathogenesis of Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Methods: A consecutive series of adult patients with unilateral sinus disease determined by unilateral radio graphic involvement or unilateral purulent...

  • Comparison of Histopathological and CT Findings in Experimental Rabbit Sinusitis. Ozcan, K. Murat; Ozcan, Ibrahim; Selcuk, Adin; Akdogan, Ozgur; Gurgen, Seren Gulsen; Deren, Tagmac; Koparal, Suha; Ozogul, Candan; Dere, Huseyin // Indian Journal of Otolaryngology & Head & Neck Surgery;Jan2011, Vol. 63 Issue 1, p56 

    The aim of this study was to investigate and compare histopathological and computerized tomographic (CT) findings of experimental acute sinusitis in an animal model. The noses of five healthy rabbits were inoculated with a gelatin sponge impregnated with a solution containing Staphylococcus...

  • Impaired mucosal healing and infection associated with Staphylococcus aureus after endoscopic sinus surgery. Jervis-Bardy, Joshua; Foreman, Andrew; Field, John; Wormald, Peter John // American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy;Sep2009, Vol. 23 Issue 5, p549 

    Background: Differentiating normal nasal discharge and postoperative crust from infection after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) can be difficult. We investigated whether bacteria cultured at operation was predictive for postoperative mucosal infection—defined as frank pus, thick mucus,...

  • Bacteriology of acute rhinosinusitis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma survivors: a result of maxillary sinus punctures. Chung-Han Hsin; Chien-Han Tsao; Mao-Chang Su; Ming-Chih Chou; Chia-Ming Liu // European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology;Oct2007, Vol. 264 Issue 10, p1157 

    Rhinosinusitis is a common complication in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) who receive radiotherapy. An impaired mucociliary clearance due to this treatment may be the major cause of rhinosinusitis in these irradiated patients. The relative frequency with which various pathogens...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics