TITLE

Assessment of Sexual Dimorphism in Permanent Canines among Different Indian Ethnic Groups - A comparative study

AUTHOR(S)
Dhakar, Nidhi; Jain, Mahesh; Saawarn, Swati; Saawarn, Nisheeth; Madhusudan, A. S.
PUB. DATE
July 2012
SOURCE
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology;Jul-Dec2012, Vol. 6 Issue 2, p123
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background and objectives: The dentition is considered as a useful adjunct in skeletal sex determination, particularly since teeth are resistant to postmortem destruction and fragmentation. Sex dimorphism in tooth size and the accuracy of odontometric sex prediction, is found to vary in different regions. Therefore this study was aimed at assessing the sexual dimorphism in human permanent mandibular canines and its inter-comparison in different ethnic groups, which will ultimately help in sex determination of human remains using teeth in cases of forensic importance. Materials and methods: Mandibular casts of dentition of 25 males and 25 females each from Rajasthan, Gujarat and Karnataka population were studied. Right and left buccolingual and mesiodistal canine width and intercanine distance were measured, canine index calculated and the data was statistically analysed. Results: The mean values of right and left canine index were significantly higher in males compared to females in all the three population groups. Also sex could be predicted correctly by using standard mandibular canine index in 78%, 76% and 82% of Rajasthan, Gujarat and Karnataka populations respectively. Conclusion: The mandibular canine index is a quick and easy method for determining sex and can prove to be a useful tool in forensic odontology.
ACCESSION #
92001449

 

Related Articles

  • Establishment of sexual dimorphism in north indian population by odontometric study of permanent maxillary canine teeth. Gupta, Shalini; Verma, Yogendra; Kumar, Deepak; Chandra, Akhilesh; Gupta, Om Prakash // Journal of the International Clinical Dental Research Organizati;Jul-Dec2014, Vol. 6 Issue 2, p139 

    Aim: To investigate whether sexual dimorphism can be established by odontometric study of permanent maxillary canine teeth as well as inter-canine width in north Indian population. Study Design: The study was carried out at department of oral and maxillofacial pathology, King George's Medical...

  • Sex determination in Uruguayans by odontometric analysis. Sassi, Carlos; Picapedra, Alicia; Correia Lima, Laíse Nascimento; Francesquini Júnior, Luiz; Daruge, Eduardo; Daruge Júnior, Eduardo // Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences;Jul-Sep2012, Vol. 11 Issue 3, p381 

    Sex assessment plays an important role in the forensic and bioarchaeological spheres. Teeth are invaluable elements in non-living populations for sex determination, since they commonly resist post-mortem damages and are latent sources of information about dimorphism. Aim: The present study...

  • Gender Determination Using Diagonal Measurements of Maxillary Molar and Canine Teeth in Davangere Population. MUJIB, AHMED B. R.; TARIGOPPULA, RATNA KUMARI V. N.; KULKARNI, PAVAN G.; ANIL B. S. // Journal of Clinical & Diagnostic Research;Nov2014, Vol. 8 Issue 11, p141 

    Background: Mesiodistal and buccolingual measurements of the teeth have been the traditional means of determining gender which sometimes are difficult to measure. Aims and Objectives: To assess the degree of sexual dimorphism in upper permanent canines and first molars using diagonal diameters...

  • Stature and gender determination and their correlation using odontometry and skull anthropometry. Amit Gupta; Kiran Kumar; Shetty, Devi Charan; Wadhwan, Vijay; Anshi Jain; Kaveri Surya Khanna // Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences;May-Aug2014, Vol. 6 Issue 2, p101 

    Background: When the body has been mutilated, it is common to have the extremities or head amputated from the trunk. In concern with forensic odontology, an estimate must have been made based on the correlation of osteometry along with odontometry in determining sex, race and stature. Objective:...

  • Determination of sexual dimorphism in humans by measurements of mandible on digital panoramic radiograph. SAIRAM, V.; GEETHAMALIKA, M. V.; KUMAR, PRAVEEN B.; NARESH, G.; RAJU, GAREEMA P. // Contemporary Clinical Dentistry;Oct-Dec2016, Vol. 7 Issue 4, p434 

    Background: Identification of sex is the first step in forensic science obtained from skeletal remains. Mandible, being a strong bone that is difficult to damage and disintegrate, is an important tool in sex determination. The present study is aimed to assess, compare, and evaluate the...

  • GENDER DETERMINATION USING CANINE MANDIBULAR INDEX, A NEW PERSPECTIVE IN FORENSIC ODONTOLOGY. HUSSAIN MIRZA, FARHAT; SIDDIQUI, M. MUSAAB; MEMON, AKHTAR AMIN; BANDUKDA, M. YASIN; ADIL, SYEDA EZZ-E-RUKHSHAN; AMIN, HUMAIRA // Medical Channel;2012 Supplement, p52 

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of mandibular canine index (MCI) in determination of sex. Possibly the dimorphism of the canines may be used as a valid tool in the forensic and legal identification of an individual. This study comprised of 89 individuals and 77...

  • Determination of Sexual Dimorphism in Mandible and Crania Using Lateral Cephalogram and Postero-Anterior Radiograph Among Indian Population. Gupta, Khushboo; Kotrashetti, Vijayalakshmi S.; Kale, Alka D.; Hallikerimath, Seema R. // Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology;Jan-Jun2012, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p146 

    The determination of gender of unknown persons is of vital importance in forensic investigations, mainly when only the skull remains. Standardized radiographic techniques like cephalometry have advantages of being more precise and objective when compared to morphologic methods. The present study...

  • Sex determination in forensic odontology: A review. Ramakrishnan, K.; Sharma, Subramanya; Sreeja, C.; Pratima, D. Bhavani; Aesha, I.; Vijayabanu, B. // Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences;2015 Dental Suplement2, Vol. 7, pS398 

    Forensic odontology is the application of dental principles to legal issues. Sex determination is a subdivision of forensic odontology and it is very important especially when information relating to the deceased is unavailable. Sex determination becomes the first priority in the process of...

  • Sex Determination Based on Mesiodistal Tooth Width in Bangladeshi Population. Alam, Mohammad Khursheed; Khamis, Mohd Fadhli; Malik, Shan Nawaz // International Medical Journal;Jun2015, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p181 

    Objectives: Recent studies have shown that the most dimorphic tooth is the mandibular canine. The prime purpose of this study is to investigate the accuracy of sex determination using tooth sizes in Bangladeshi population. Methods: Sexual dimorphism was tested on 260 pair of dental cast in a...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics