TITLE

Effects of sediment on the early settlement stage of Sargassum horneri on rocky subtidal reefs

AUTHOR(S)
BI Yuan-xin; ZHANG Shou-yu; WU Zu-li
PUB. DATE
May 2013
SOURCE
Yingyong Shengtai Xuebao;May2013, Vol. 24 Issue 5, p1439
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
By using sediment trap and suction pump to measure the relative sediment levels across different sites and water depths, and through the in situ measurements of Sargassum horneri density, this paper assessed the relationships between the distribution of S. horneri and the sediment levels and wave exposure on the rocky subtidal platforms around Gouqi Island, China. The laboratory-based experiments were also conducted to test the effects of different sediment levels on the attachment of S. horneri zygote and the survival rate of S. horneri germling after the attachment. S. horneri predominated at the sites with lesser sediment and wave exposure, but less distributed in the sites with high level sediment and wave-exposure. At different water depths, the distribution of S. horneri was negatively correlated with the amount of sediment. A medium dusting (dry mass 10. 47 mg.cm-2, approximate 0. 543 mm deep) of sediment on the plate reduced the percentage of S. horneri zygotes attached to the substratum by 4.4%, and a heavy dusting ( dry mass 13. 96 mg.cm-2, approximate 0. 724 mm deep) of sediment on the plate completely prevented the attachment. One week after the settlement of the zygotes, there were 24% of the germlings still survived when the dry mass sediment coverage was 13. 96 mg.cm-2. However, when the dry mass sediment coverage was up to 34. 9 mg.cm-2 (approximate 1. 81 mm deep), 100% of the germlings died. Overall, the distribution of S. horneri was not only related to sediment level, but also restricted by wave exposure to some extent. Sediment level was a critical factor affecting the distribution of S. horneri, particularly at its zygote attachment stage.
ACCESSION #
91994014

 

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