Error analysis of CO2 storage flux in a temperate deciduous broadleaved forest based on different scalar variables

WANG Jing; WANG Xing-chang; WANG Chuan-kuan
April 2013
Yingyong Shengtai Xuebao;Apr2013, Vol. 24 Issue 4, p975
Academic Journal
Using the measurement data from an 8 level vertical profile of CO2 / H2O in a temperate deciduous broadleaved forest at the Maoershan Forest Ecosystem Research Station, Northeast China, this paper quantified the errors of CO2 storage flux (Fs) calculated with three scalar variables, i. e. , CO2 density (ρc), molar fraction (cc), and molar mixing ratio relative to dry air (Xc). The dry air storage in the control volume of flux measurement was not a constant, and thus, the fluctuation of the dry air storage could cause the CO2 molecules transporting out of or into the control volume, i. e. , the variation of the dry air storage adjustment term (Fsd). During nighttime and day-night transition periods, the relative magnitude of Fsd to eddy flux was larger, and ignoring the Fsd could introduce errors in calculating the net CO2 exchange between the forest ecosystem and the atmosphere. Three error sources in the Fs calculation could be introduced from the atmospheric hydrothermal processes, i. e. , 1) air temperature fluctuation, which could cause the largest error, with one order of magnitude larger than that caused by atmospheric pressure (P), 2) water vapor, its effect being larger than that of P in warm and moist summer but smaller in cold and dry winter, and 3) P, whose effect was generally smaller throughout the year. In estimating the effective CO2 storage (Fs_E ), the Fs value calculated with ρc, cc, and ρc was overestimated averagely by 8. 5%, 0-6%, and 0. 1%, respectively. It was suggested that in the calculation of Fs, adopting the ρc conservative to atmospheric hydrothermal processes could be more appropriate to minimize the potential errors.


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