TITLE

Effects of nitrogen application rate on faba bean fusarium wilt and rhizospheric microbial metabolic functional diversity

AUTHOR(S)
DONG Yan; YANG Zhi-xian; DONG Kun; TANG Li; ZHENG Yi; HU Guo-bin
PUB. DATE
April 2013
SOURCE
Yingyong Shengtai Xuebao;Apr2013, Vol. 24 Issue 4, p1101
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
A field plot experiment was conducted to study the effects of different nitrogen (N) application rates on the microbial functional diversity in faba bean rhizosphere and the relationships between the microbial functional diversity and the occurrence of faba bean fusarium wilt. Four nitrogen application rates were installed, i. e. , N0(0 kg · hm-2 ), N1(56. 25 kg · hm-2 ), N2(112. 5 kg · hm-2), and N3 (168. 75 kg.hm-2 ), and Biolog microbial analysis system was applied to study the damage of faba bean fusarium wilt and the rhizospheric microbial metabolic functional diversity. Applying N (N1, N2, and N3) decreased the disease index of faba bean fusarium wilt and the quantity of Fusarium oxysporum significantly, and increased the quantities of bacteria and actinomyces and the ratios of bacteria/ fungi and actinomyces/ fungi significantly, with the peak values of bacteria and actinomyces, bacteria/ fungi, and actinomyces/ fungi, and the lowest disease index and F. oxysporum density in N2. As compared with N0, applying N increased the AWCD value significantly, but the effects of different N application rates on the ability of rhizospheric microbes in utilizing six types of carbon sources had definite differences. Under the application of N, the utilization rates of carbohydrates, carboxylic acids, and amino acids by the rhizospheric microbes were higher. Principal component analysis demonstrated that applying N changed the rhizospheric microbial community composition obviously, and the carbohydrates, carboxylic acids, and amino acids were the sensitive carbon sources differentiating the changes of the microbial community induced by N application. Applying N inhibited the utilization of carbohydrates and carboxylic acids but improved the utilization of amino acids and phenolic acids by the rhizospheric microbes, which could be one of the main reasons of applying N being able to reduce the harm of faba bean fusarium wilt. It was suggested that rationally applying N could increase the quantities of rhizospheric bacteria and actinomyces, alter the microbial metabolic function, and decrease F. oxysporum density, being an effective measure to control the occurrence of faba bean fusarium wilt.
ACCESSION #
91993980

 

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