Correlations, deviations and expectations: the Extended Principle of the Common Cause

Mazzola, Claudio
September 2013
Synthese;Sep2013, Vol. 190 Issue 13, p2853
Academic Journal
The Principle of the Common Cause is usually understood to provide causal explanations for probabilistic correlations obtaining between causally unrelated events. In this study, an extended interpretation of the principle is proposed, according to which common causes should be invoked to explain positive correlations whose values depart from the ones that one would expect to obtain in accordance to her probabilistic expectations. In addition, a probabilistic model for common causes is tailored which satisfies the generalized version of the principle, at the same time including the standard conjunctive-fork model as a special case.


Related Articles

  • A New Notion of Causal Closedness. Wroński, Leszek; Marczyk, Michał // Erkenntnis;Apr2014 Supplement 3, Vol. 79, p453 

    In recent years part of the literature on probabilistic causality concerned notions stemming from Reichenbach's idea of explaining correlations between not directly causally related events by referring to their common causes. A few related notions have been introduced, e.g. that of a 'common...

  • Explaining Correlations by Partitions. Stergiou, Chrysovalantis // Foundations of Physics;Dec2015, Vol. 45 Issue 12, p1599 

    In this paper two accounts of Reichenbachian common cause systems are compared. Examples are provided which show that Hofer-Szabó and Rédei (Int J Theor Phys 43:1819-1826, ) account and Hofer-Szabó et al. (The principle of the common cause, ) account is compatible, with but not...

  • All in a good cause.  // New Scientist;9/29/2012, Vol. 215 Issue 2884, p3 

    The article discusses a report within the issue regarding a convergent cross mapping (CCM) test that can identify a causal link between two events without the need to wait for validation from multiple tests.

  • The speed-optimality of Reichenbach's straight rule of induction. Juhl, Cory F. // British Journal for the Philosophy of Science;Sep94, Vol. 45 Issue 3, p857 

    Considers the consequences of requiring speed-optimality of asymptotic methods of induction. Vindication of Hans Reichenbach's `straight rule'; Existence of a limiting frequency; Conditions for speed-optimality among asymptotic methods.

  • HE REPLACED OTTOMAN THEOLOGY WITH MODERN PHILOSOPHY IN TURKEY: HANS REICHENBACH IN EXILE FROM NAZI RULE 1933-1938. Reisman, Arnold // Epistemologia;ene-mar2007, Vol. 30 Issue 1, p77 

    No abstract available.

  • Atom and Cosmos. C. L. F. // America;3/4/1933, Vol. 48 Issue 22, p533 

    The article reviews the book "Atom and Cosmos," by Hans Reichenbach, translated and revised by Edward S. Allen.

  • Effects of Patterned Substrate on Thin Films Simulated by Family Model. Chanphana, R.; Chatraphorn, P.; Dasgupta, C. // Journal of Statistical Physics;Jul2015, Vol. 160 Issue 2, p397 

    Patterned substrate growth has been a subject of much interest. In this work, characteristics of some statistical properties of a film grown on triangular and vicinal substrates using the Family model are studied. Substrate size and tilt angle are varied. It is found that the interface width and...

  • Choosing the realist framework. Psillos, Stathis // Synthese;May2011, Vol. 180 Issue 2, p301 

    There has been an empiricist tradition in the core of Logical Positivism/Empiricism, starting with Moritz Schlick and ending in Herbert Feigl (via Hans Reichenbach), according to which the world of empiricism need not be a barren place devoid of all the explanatory entities posited by scientific...

  • SCIENTIFIC OPTIMISM AND PROGRESS IN CRYONICS. de Wolf, Aschwin // Cryonics;3rd Quarter 2008, Vol. 29 Issue 3, p12 

    The article focuses on the differences between medical conservatism and scientific meliorism. A critique of some of the assumptions by logical empiricists such as Hans Reichenbach is presented and notes that people may not realize how persuasive their position could be if they would simply focus...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics