TITLE

Conceptual Analysis and Epistemic Progress

AUTHOR(S)
Balcerak Jackson, Magdalena
PUB. DATE
October 2013
SOURCE
Synthese;Oct2013, Vol. 190 Issue 15, p3053
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This essay concerns the question of how we make genuine epistemic progress through conceptual analysis. Our way into this issue will be through consideration of the paradox of analysis. The paradox challenges us to explain how a given statement can make a substantive contribution to our knowledge, even while it purports merely to make explicit what one’s grasp of the concept under scrutiny consists in. The paradox is often treated primarily as a semantic puzzle. However, in “Sect. 1” I argue that the paradox raises a more fundamental epistemic problem, and in “Sects.1 and 2” I argue that semantic proposals—even ones designed to capture the Fregean link between meaning and epistemic significance—fail to resolve that problem. Seeing our way towards a real solution to the paradox requires more than semantics; we also need to understand how the process of analysis can yield justification for accepting a candidate conceptual analysis. I present an account of this process, and explain how it resolves the paradox, in “Sect. 3”. I conclude in “Sect. 4” by considering the implications for the present account concerning the goal of conceptual analysis, and by arguing that the apparent scarcity of short and finite illuminating analyses in philosophically interesting cases provides no grounds for pessimism concerning the possibility of philosophical progress through conceptual analysis.
ACCESSION #
91988739

 

Related Articles

  • Arbitrary Foundations? On Klein's Objection to Foundationalism. Engelsma, Coos // Acta Analytica;Dec2015, Vol. 30 Issue 4, p389 

    This paper evaluates Peter Klein's objection to foundationalism. According to Klein, foundationalism fails because it allows arbitrariness 'at the base.' I first explain that this objection can be interpreted in two ways: either as targeting dialectical foundationalism or as targeting epistemic...

  • Against swamping. Carter, J. Adam; Jarvis, Benjamin // Analysis;Oct2012, Vol. 72 Issue 4, p690 

    The Swamping Argument – highlighted by Kvanvig (2003; 2010) – purports to show that the epistemic value of truth will always swamp the epistemic value of any non-factive epistemic properties (e.g. justification), so that these properties can never add any epistemic value to an...

  • Evidence and Justification in Groups with Conflicting Background Beliefs. Staley, Kent W. // Episteme (Edinburgh University Press);2010, Vol. 7 Issue 3, p232 

    Some prominent accounts of scientific evidence treat evidence as an unrelativized concept. But whether belief in a hypothesis is justified seems relative to the epistemic situation of the believer. The issue becomes yet more complicated in the context of group epistemic agents, for then one...

  • Why Should We Interpret Quantum Mechanics? Marchildon, Louis // Foundations of Physics;Oct2004, Vol. 34 Issue 10, p1453 

    The development of quantum information theory has renewed interest in the idea that the state vector does not represent the state of a quantum system, but rather the knowledge or information that we may have on the system. I argue that this epistemic view of states appears to solve foundational...

  • THE CONCEPT OF FOLKLORE - A SYSTEMIC REASSESSMENT. ROŞCA, LIONEL-DECEBAL // Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai, Philologia;Dec2013, Vol. 58 Issue 4, p301 

    Starting from the assertion of a necessity of an epistemological approach able to solve the theoretical deadlocks created by the historic evolution of the concept, this study intends to try a repositioning of the most important significations from the history of the concept of "folklore"...

  • Epistemic Determiners.  // Journal of Semantics;Aug2006, Vol. 23 Issue 3, p217 

    The present paper offers a contrastive examination of French items that require some knowledge of the speaker and items that require some ignorance. We relate this difference in a systematic way to the well–known problem of ‘identifiability’ in epistemic logic. In addition to...

  • Explaining Our Own Beliefs: Non-epistemic Believing and Doxastic Instability. Jones, Ward E. // Philosophical Studies;Dec2002, Vol. 111 Issue 3, p217 

    It has often been claimed that our believing some proposition is dependent upon our not being committed to a non-epistemic explanation of why we believe that proposition. Very roughly, I cannot believe that p and also accept a non-epistemic explanation of my believing that p. Those who have...

  • Epistemic Equivalence and Epistemic Incapacitation. Tulodziecki, Dana // British Journal for the Philosophy of Science;Jun2012, Vol. 63 Issue 2, p313 

    One typical realist response to the argument from underdetermination of theories by evidence is an appeal to epistemic criteria besides the empirical evidence to argue that, while scientific theories might be empirically equivalent, they are not epistemically equivalent. In this article, I spell...

  • Two claims about epistemic propriety. Coffman, E. // Synthese;Aug2011, Vol. 181 Issue 3, p471 

    This paper has two main parts. In the first part, I argue that prominent moves in two related current debates in epistemology-viz., the debates over classical invariantism and the knowledge first movement-depend on one or the other of two claims about epistemic propriety: (1) Impropriety due to...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics