Lung function impairment in women exposed to biomass fuels during cooking compared to cleaner fuels in Uttar Pradesh, India

Bihari, Vipin; Iqbal, S. M.; Srivastava, L. P.; Kesavachandran, C.; Siddique, M. J. A.
November 2013
Journal of Environmental Biology;Nov2013, Vol. 34 Issue 6, p971
Academic Journal
A national survey has shown that approximately 75-80% use of fire wood and chips, 10% of dung cake rural women in Uttar Pradesh, India. Considering the respiratory health risk of biomass fuel exposure to women, a cross sectional study was conducted to elucidate the relationship between cooking smoke and lung function impairments. The present study showed significant decline in air flow limitation based on reduced PEFR (3.69 l sec-1) and FEV1 (1.34 l sec-1) in women cooking with biomass fuels compared to PEFR (4.26 l sec-1) and FEV1 (1.73 l sec-1) in women cooking with cleaner fuels. The noxious gases and particles generated from biomass fuels during cooking reported in earlier studies may be the reason for the slight decline in airway status PEFR (3.69 l sec-1) and lung volumes FEV1 (1.34 l sec-1) . The higher mean bio-fuels exposure index (52.15 hr-yrs) can attribute to reduced lung function in rural women.


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