Panaszok a kollektivizálás befejező hullámának időszakából: az egyéni és a szövetkezeti gazdálkodás problémáinak sajátosságai

September 2013
Multunk;2013, Issue 3, p207
Academic Journal
The complaints filed by those who had been affected by the last wave of collectivisation help us get to know their strategies and decision-making processes, thus these documents are a very interesting, colourful part of the sources documenting this period. It is useless to try and determine from which part of the country the co-op members and the individual farmers voiced their complaints, the number and nature of their complaints, and the extent of the various types of complaints. The reason for this is that one cannot disregard several factors. On the one hand, only an insignificant portion of the farmers' grievances was manifested in the form of a filed complaint. It is also uncertain whether the Complaints Office kept every complaint, whether they filed each and every one of them. On the other hand, looking at a whole year of complaints, in this case those dated 1960, does not necessarily give a full picture of the complaints. The personal ups and downs of those injured by the collectivisation cannot be simply processed by looking through files of complaints since the personal experiences of collectivisation are not revealed only through complaints. One can, however, state that the large number of filed complaints made it possible to conduct various investigations and these offer a valuable insight into the particular positions of those involved in agriculture at the turn of the 1950's and 1960's by giving the reader a glimpse of the procedures, methods and of the grievances these caused. They also reveal another segment of the Kádár era. The limited but existing, socialist public discussion can be traced in the complaints. These complaints can be considered public, as opposed to the documents of the private sphere, despite the fact that they are heavily burdened with personal problems. A different type of source would fail to reveal these two phenomena or would only partially reveal them to those interested in this period or in the history of agriculture.


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