Behavior Modeling of Intercity Travel Mode Choice for Business Trips in Libya: a Binary Logit Model of Car and Airplane

Manssour A. Abdulsalam Bin Miskeen; Alhodairi, Ahmed Mohamed; Riza Atiq Abdullah Bin O. K. Rahmat
May 2013
Journal of Applied Sciences Research;2013, Vol. 9 Issue 5, p3271
Academic Journal
Business trips comprise a significant portion (45%) of the total intercity trips in Libya. Therefore, analysis of these trips is important in planning. In Libya, people prefer to use private cars for intercity business trips. Such behavior leads to the increase in traffic congestion, traffic accidents, travel delays, and mental stress because of unreliability and road safety that result in significant impairment in the quality of life. Therefore, demand for a policy that will improve air transport for domestic flights as well as control car usage is essential by this time. Thus, this research aims to contribute additional details on the car users' mode-choice behavior to understand better the possible measures that must be taken to encourage more air transport use. The main goal of this study is to build a disaggregate behavioral intercity business travel mode-choice model. The data needed for model development were collected from all major intercity corridors in Libya. The final sample size consisted of 387 interviews. Two-thirds of these data were used for model calibration, and the remaining parts were used for model validation. In this research, the intercity binary logit mode-choice model was developed for business trips to explain the car and air transport users' behaviors and investigate their responses to the scenario of the reduction in airplane out-of-vehicle travel time. We discovered that out-of-vehicle travel time, gender, education level, nationality, household income, car ownership, convenience, comfort, and weather conditions are significant factors that influence car users' intercity mode-choice behavior for business trips. The probability of car drivers to shift to air transport was also examined based on the scenario of the reduction in airplane out- of-vehicle travel time. The reduction in out-of-vehicle travel time for the airplane mode emerged as the most important element in the program aimed at attracting car users toward airplane travel and away from car usage. The intercity mode-choice model for business travel was successfully calibrated and validated. The results are projected to assist decision makers at all levels to allocate wisely resources for air transport improvement and to reduce road accidents on intercity highways and enhance road safety. This study, which is the first of its kind in Libya, investigates the intercity traveler's mode-choice behavior for business trips.


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