TITLE

DEPRESSIVE DISORDERS: PREVALENCE AND SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS

AUTHOR(S)
Ćesir, Alem; Ličanin, Ifeta; Fišeković, Saida; Zahiragić, Amra; Šabić, Emina
PUB. DATE
July 2013
SOURCE
Medical Journal;jul-sep2013, Vol. 19 Issue 3, p219
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Depression is one of the most common mental disorders and from year to year the number of patients suffering from depression in the world is increasing and so far there are no signs that the increasing trend of the depression could stop. According to WHO data, the prevalence of depression in the general population is 1.9% for men and 3.2% for women, while the 12 month prevalence is 5.8% for men and 9.5% for women. The goal of this study was to analyze the frequency of depressive disorders at the Day Hospital of the Psychiatric Clinic, Clinical Center University of Sarajevo (CCUS) and examine socio-demographic profile of patients. The study included 234 patients with different diagnoses, who were hospitalized at the Day Hospital of the Psychiatric Clinic, Clinical Center of Sarajevo University (CCUS) in the period from January 1st 2012 - December 31st 2012. Respondents were randomly selected and interviewed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM Disorders (SCID) for the diagnosis according to ICD-10. Of this total were selected 107 patients with depressive disorders. Symptoms of depression were assessed by Hamilton Scale for assessment of depression (HDRS) with 17 items. The study was retrospective, clinical and epidemiological. From the total number of patients (234) there were 107 (45,7%) patients with depressive disorders. Among patients with depressive disorders there were more female patients (70.1%), while average age of patients with depressive disorder was 52.9±7.4 (range 22-65 years). The least common category among patients with depressive disorder was retired and patients with university education, while the average length of hospitalization was 47.1 ±9.7 days. Conclusion: Depression is now at the fourth place as the world's leading health problem, accounting for 4.5% of the global burden of disease and according to WHO estimates, by 2020 will occupy the second place behind ischemic heart disease accounted for 5.7%. Depression is not only accompanied by the loss of joy of life but also the reduction and loss of working ability and represents the leading cause of work disability in the world, because absences from work due to depression are more common than due to hypertension or diabetes.
ACCESSION #
91977166

 

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