TITLE

Sustained Reduction of Nicotine Craving With Real-Time Neurofeedback: Exploring the Role of Severity of Dependence

AUTHOR(S)
Canterberry, Melanie; Hanlon, Colleen A.; Hartwell, Karen J.; Li, Xingbao; Owens, Max; LeMatty, Todd; Prisciandaro, James J.; Borckardt, Jeffrey; Saladin, Michael E.; Brady, Kathleen T.; George, Mark S.
PUB. DATE
December 2013
SOURCE
Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Dec2013, Vol. 15 Issue 12, p2120
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Neurofeedback delivered via real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (rtfMRI) is a promising therapeutic technique being explored to facilitate self-regulation of craving in nicotine-dependent cigarette smokers. The current study examined the role of nicotine-dependence severity and the efficacy of multiple visits of neurofeedback from a single region of interest (ROI) in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) on craving reduction. Methods: Nine nicotine-dependent cigarette smokers participated in three rtfMRI visits that examined cue-induced craving and brain activation. Severity of nicotine dependence was assessed with the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence. When viewing smoking-related images with instructions to “crave,” patient-tailored ROIs were generated in the vicinity of the ACC. Activity levels from the ROI were fed back while participants viewed smoking cues with the instruction to reduce craving. Results: Neurofeedback from a single ROI in the ACC led to consistent decreases in self-reported craving and activation in the ACC across the three visits. Dependence severity predicted response to neurofeedback at Visit 3. Conclusions: This study builds upon previous rtfMRI studies on the regulation of nicotine craving in demonstrating that feedback from the ACC can reduce activation to smoking cues across three separate visits. Individuals with lower nicotine-dependence severity were more successful in reducing ACC activation over time. These data highlight the need to consider dependence severity in developing more individualized neurofeedback methods.
ACCESSION #
91961687

 

Related Articles

  • Stages of change versus addiction: a replication and extension. Abrams, David B.; Herzog, Thaddeus A.; Emmons, Karen M.; Linnan, Laura // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Aug2000, Vol. 2 Issue 3, p223 

    Data from the Working Well trial (n = 2379) were used to test the capacity of 19 variables to predict smoking cessation at 1- and 2-year follow-ups. Among the core constructs of transtheoretical model (TTM), stage of change was the best predictor. The processes of change and the pros and cons of...

  • The effects of nicotine patch use on smoking cessation. Chu, Amelia; Zheng, Yitong // Employee Benefits Journal;Sep94, Vol. 19 Issue 3, p27 

    Reports on the result of a study on the effects of nicotine patch use on smoking cessation programs. Factors affecting success in smoking cessation; Positive and long-term effect of the use of nicotine patches on healthcare benefit costs.

  • Strategies Promoting Smoking Cessation in Adolescents. Miller, Karl E. // American Family Physician;12/1/2001, Vol. 64 Issue 11, p1890 

    Presents information on the strategies that promote cigarette smoking cessation in adolescents in the United States. Issues that affect adolescents who smoke cigarettes; Comparison of the relationship between nicotine dependence, stress and coping methods with the outcome of being a smoker or a...

  • Pride, health and the power to quit.  // Gay & Lesbian Times;7/21/2005, Issue 917, PULL-OUT SECTION p26 

    Reports on smoking cessation tips from the American Legacy Foundation in the U.S. Making a choice to quit; Creation of a plan; use of available tools in the community.

  • Stop Smoking Recovery Timetable.  // Tennessee Tribune;7/12/2012, Vol. 23 Issue 28, p2B 

    The article discusses how smoking cessation benefits a person's body over the week, months and years.

  • Kick Weight-Worry First. P.R. // Prevention;Nov2002, Vol. 54 Issue 11, p162 

    Reports on the findings of a study of women in a smoking cessation program and their concern about weight gain from quitting cigarettes.

  • Great expectorations! The decline of public spitting: Lessons for passive smoking? Chapman, Simon // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);12/23/95, Vol. 311 Issue 7021, p1685 

    Discusses the demise of public spitting in most of the Western countries and brings out the possibility that what may be effective solutions to spitting may also be effective to smoking.

  • NO BUTTS...QUIT SMOKING NOW. Sweet, Melissa // Good Medicine (Australian Consolidated Press);Sep2002, p38 

    Discusses the issue of quitting smoking. Treatment of tobacco habit; Effect of quitting; Reasons to quit.

  • How to implement an effective smoking cessation plan. DiLoreto, Stacy // Patient Care for the Nurse Practitioner;Jul2000, Vol. 3 Issue 7, p59 

    Provides information on how to implement an effective smoking cessation program. Screening techniques for smokers; Strategies to get patients to quit smoking.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics