TITLE

Effects of methoxyfenozide and pyridalyl on the larval ectoparasitoid Habrobracon hebetor

AUTHOR(S)
Saber, Moosa; Abedi, Zahra
PUB. DATE
December 2013
SOURCE
Journal of Pest Science;Dec2013, Vol. 86 Issue 4, p685
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Habrobracon hebetor Say (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) is an ectoparasitoid that is used for inundative biological control of various lepidopteran insect pests. Lethal and sublethal effects of two biorational insecticides, methoxyfenozide and pyridalyl, were evaluated on H. hebetor under laboratory conditions. The adults were exposed to dry insecticide residues that were applied on glass plates. Bioassays showed that the LC 50 values of methoxyfenozide and pyridalyl were 155 and 1,226 μg a.i./ml, respectively. The LT 50 values of methoxyfenozide and pyridalyl were 2.1 and 3.3 days, respectively. The effects of methoxyfenozide and pyridalyl on larvae were tested using a dip method with field-recommended concentrations of either insecticide. The emergence rates were reduced by 24.4 and 29.3 % for methoxyfenozide and pyridalyl treatments, respectively. In order to assess the sublethal effects of low-lethal concentrations of methoxyfenozide and pyridalyl, adult wasps were exposed to the LC 30 concentration of each insecticide, and demographic parameters of live wasps were recorded. Exposure of adults to low-lethal concentrations (LC 30) negatively affected the fecundity, fertility, and sex ratio, and also the intrinsic rate of increase ( rm), finite rate of increase ( λ), generation time ( T), and doubling time ( DT). The longevity and net reproductive rate ( R0) of H. hebetor were not affected by sublethal exposure to these insecticides. The results showed that despite low acute toxicities of both insecticides on larval and adult stages of H. hebetor, they may negatively affect the population of the parasitoid and interfere in IPM programs.
ACCESSION #
91959710

 

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