Beyond Hypothermia: Alternative Therapies for Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy

Hobson, Andrea; Baines, Julie; Weiss, Michael D.
January 2013
Open Pharmacology Journal;2013, Vol. 7, p26
Academic Journal
Neonatal encephalopathy remains a significant cause of death and disability worldwide. Therapeutic hypothermia has become a mainstay of therapy and has demonstrated the potential for neuroprotection and repair after neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury. However, it has become apparent from published trials that hypothermia alone will not serve as complete protection nor benefit all neonates. The complicated cascade of events in a hypoxic-ischemic insult lends itself to multiple types of therapy, making a multi-faceted approach to treatment attractive. This review critically discusses the broad range of medical therapies currently being studied and summarizes the animal and human studies that have been done to date. Therapies that may act synergistically with cooling therapy are also discussed.


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