TITLE

A novel approach to quantitative LC-MS/MS: therapeutic drug monitoring of clozapine and norclozapine using isotopic internal calibration

AUTHOR(S)
Couchman, Lewis; Belsey, Sarah L.; Handley, Simon A.; Flanagan, Robert J.
PUB. DATE
November 2013
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Nov2013, Vol. 405 Issue 27, p9455
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) requires timely results in order to be clinically helpful. Such assays, when carried out using mass spectrometry-based methods, typically involve a batched sample approach with multipoint calibration. Isotopic internal calibration offers the possibility of open-access mass spectrometric analysis with consequent shortening of turnaround times. We measured plasma clozapine and N-desmethylclozapine (norclozapine) concentrations in (1) external quality assessment (EQA) samples ( N = 22) and (2) patient samples ( N = 100) using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry with isotopic internal calibration (ICAL-LC-MS/MS). Analyte concentrations were calculated from graphs of the response of three internal calibrators (clozapine-D 4, norclozapine-D 8, and clozapine-D 8) against concentration. Precision (% RSD) and accuracy (% nominal concentrations) for the ICAL-LC-MS/MS method were <5 % and 104–112 %, respectively for both analytes. There was excellent agreement with consensus mean and with ‘spiked’ values on analysis of the EQA samples ( R2 = 0.98 and 0.97, respectively, inclusive of clozapine and norclozapine results). In the patient samples, comparison against traditionally calibrated HPLC-UV and LC-MS/MS methods showed excellent agreement ( R2 = 0.97 or better) with small albeit significant mean differences (<0.041 and <0.042 mg/L for clozapine and norclozapine, respectively). These differences probably reflect discrepancies in the in-house preparation of calibrators and/or interference in the UV method. Internal calibration offers a novel and attractive alternative to traditionally calibrated batch analysis in analytical toxicology. The method described has been validated for use in the high-throughput TDM of clozapine and norclozapine, and allows for (1) same-day reporting of results and (2) significant cost savings. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]
ACCESSION #
91930433

 

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