TITLE

Listeria monocytogenes in Five Sardinian Swine Slaughterhouses: Prevalence, Serotype, and Genotype Characterization

AUTHOR(S)
MELONI, DOMENICO; PIRAS, FRANCESCA; MUREDDU, ANNA; FOIS, FEDERICA; CONSOLATI, SIMONETTA GIANNA; LAMON, SONIA; MAZZETTE, RINA
PUB. DATE
November 2013
SOURCE
Journal of Food Protection;Nov2013, Vol. 76 Issue 11, p1863
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
In a 3-year study (2008 to 2011) to estimate the prevalence and the contamination sources of Listeria monocytogenes in pork meat in Sardinia, Italy, 211 samples were collected from five Sardinian swine slaughterhouses: 171 samples from slaughtered pigs and 40 from the slaughterhouse environment. Fifty L. monocytogenes isolates were characterized by PCR-based serotyping, presence of virulence-associated genes, and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis restriction analysis. The overall prevalence of L. monocytogenes was 33% in swine carcasses, 7% in cecal material, 23% on meat contact surfaces, and 25% on noncontact surfaces. Only two serotypes were detected: l/2c (78%) and l/2a (22%). In all, based on the presence of virulence-associated genes, eight pathogenic profiles were detected. Only 42% of all isolates carried the full complement of virulence-associated genes and were allotted to profile 1. Six pulsed-field gel electrophoresis profiles persisted in the slaughterhouses; restriction profiles appeared to be specific to each plant.
ACCESSION #
91926375

 

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