TITLE

Common Epidemiology of Rickettsia felis Infection and Malaria, Africa

AUTHOR(S)
Mediannikov, Oleg; Socolovschi, Cristina; Edouard, Sophie; Fenollar, Florence; Mouffok, Nadjet; Bassene, Hubert; Diatta, Georges; Tall, Adama; Niangaly, Hamidou; Doumbo, Ogobara; Lekana-Douki, Jean Bernard; Znazen, Abir; Sarih, M'hammed; Ratmanov, Pavel; Richet, Herve; Ndiath, Mamadou O.; Sokhna, Cheikh; Parola, Philippe; Raoult, Didier
PUB. DATE
November 2013
SOURCE
Emerging Infectious Diseases;Nov2013, Vol. 19 Issue 11, p1775
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This study aimed to compare the epidemiology of Rickettsia felis infection and malaria in France, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa and to identify a common vector. Blood specimens from 3,122 febrile patients and from 500 nonfebrile persons were analyzed for R. felis and Plasmodium spp. We observed a significant linear trend (p<0.0001) of increasing risk for R. felis infection. The risks were lowest in France, Tunisia, and Algeria (1%), and highest in rural Senegal (15%). Co-infections with R. felis and Plasmodium spp. and occurrences of R. felis relapses or reinfections were identified. This study demonstrates a correlation between malaria and R. felis infection regarding geographic distribution, seasonality, asymptomatic infections, and a potential vector. R. felis infection should be suspected in these geographical areas where malaria is endemic. Doxycycline chemoprophylaxis against malaria in travelers to sub-Saharan Africa also protects against rickettsioses; thus, empirical treatment strategies for febrile illness for travelers and residents in sub-Saharan Africa may require reevaluation.
ACCESSION #
91748798

 

Related Articles

  • Continued Decline of Malaria in The Gambia with Implications for Elimination. Ceesay, Serign J.; Casals-Pascual, Climent; Nwakanma, Davis C.; Walther, Michael; Gomez-Escobar, Natalia; Fulford, Anthony J. C.; Takem, Ebako N.; Nogaro, Sarah; Bojang, Kalifa A.; Corrah, Tumani; Jaye, Momodou Cherno; Taal, Makie Abdoulie; Sonko, Aja Adam Jagne; Conway, David J. // PLoS ONE;2010, Vol. 5 Issue 8, p1 

    Background: A substantial decline in malaria was reported to have occurred over several years until 2007 in the western part of The Gambia, encouraging consideration of future elimination in this previously highly endemic region. Scale up of interventions has since increased with support from...

  • The burden of malaria in Sudan: incidence, mortality and disability -- adjusted life -- years. Abdalla, Safa I.; Malik, Elfatih M.; Ali, Kamil M. // Malaria Journal;2007, Vol. 6, p97 

    Background: Estimating the burden of malaria in Sudan is important for evidence-based planning of malaria control. Estimates of malaria burden in terms of DALYs (Disability Adjusted Life Years) were not developed locally. This study synthesized information from different sources to calculate...

  • A Review of Information on Rickettsialpox in the United States. Lackman, David B. // Clinical Pediatrics;Jun1963, Vol. 2 Issue 6, p296 

    Provides information about Rickettsialpox in the United States. Appearance of a pimple at a site where there has been an epithelial puncture by a mite; Capability of Rickettsiae to remain in the body after convalescence; Suggestion that the treatment with tetracycline antibiotics may be successful.

  • Epidemiologic and Clinical Characteristics of Persons with Serologic Evidence of E. canis Infection. Rohrbach, Barton W.; Harkess, John R.; Ewing, S. A.; Jerry Kudlac; McKee, Garry L.; Gregory R. Istre // American Journal of Public Health;Apr90, Vol. 80 Issue 4, p442 

    Abstract: The results of a serosurvey of Oklahomans for the presence of antibody to Ehrlichia canis is reported. Paired serum specimens, from patients lacking the serologic criteria for diagnosis of Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF), were tested. A four-fold increase in E. canis-IFA antibody...

  • Rickettsia felis and Changing Paradigms about Pathogenic Rickettsiae. Labruna, Marcelo B.; Walker, David H. // Emerging Infectious Diseases;Oct2014, Vol. 20 Issue 10, p1768 

    A letter to the editor is presented in response to the article "Common epidemiology of Rickettsia felis infection and malaria" by O. Mediannikov and collegues.

  • Molecular Typing and Epidemiology of Human Listeriosis Cases, Denmark, 2002-2012. Jensen, Anne Kvistholm; Björkman, Jonas T.; Ethelberg, Steen; Kiil, Kristoffer; Kemp, Michael; Nielsen, Eva Møller // Emerging Infectious Diseases;Apr2016, Vol. 22 Issue 4, p625 

    Denmark has a high incidence of invasive listeriosis (0.9 cases/100,000 population in 2012). We analyzed patient data, clinical outcome, and trends in pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST) of Listeria monocytogenes strains isolated in Denmark during...

  • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Acquired in Florida, 1973-83. Sacks, Jeffrey J.; Janowski, Henry T. // American Journal of Public Health;Dec1985, Vol. 75 Issue 12, p1422 

    Abstract: From 1973 to 1983, 49 Florida residents were reported with confirmed Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF), 25 of whom were considered to have had Florida-acquired disease. Although there was no history of tick exposure for six of these 25 persons, all had contact with dogs or outdoor...

  • WASHINGTON, DC.: Malaria fueling spread of HIV in Africa.  // Gay & Lesbian Times;12/28/2006, Issue 992, p26 

    The article reports on the study regarding the interplay between HIV viruses and malaria epidemic in Africa by a group of researchers at the University of Washington in Seattle. The researchers estimated the impact of the overlapping infections and concluded that the diseases fuel each other....

  • Study of Epidemiology of Malaria infections in Valsad region of South Gujarat. Panchal, Hetal K.; Desai, Pratibha B. // International Journal of Pharmacy & Life Sciences;Nov2014, Vol. 5 Issue 11, p3972 

    Malaria is estimated as one of the top 3 killers among infectious diseases by WHO. The occurrence of malaria is highly influenced by factors related to the parasite, the vector, the human host and especially the environment. Malaria transmission highly depends on climatic conditions that may...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics