Non-invasive ventilation and palliation: experience in a district general hospital and a review

Shee, Charles D; Green, Margaret
January 2003
Palliative Medicine;Jan2003, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p21
Academic Journal
Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is increasingly being used in hospitals to treat respiratory failure. The use of NIV with palliative intent in a district general hospital is described and ten illustrative cases where NIV was used in an attempt to palliate symptoms or to 'buy time' are presented. The role of NIV in relieving symptoms in various conditions is reviewed and ethical aspects are considered. It is suggested that hospital palliative care teams will increasingly see patients treated by this technique as it becomes more widely used for exacerbations of chronic obstructive airways disease, for relief of breathlessness in the terminally ill and for buying time in patient management. Domiciliary teams will see increasing numbers of people with motor neurone disease and other conditions treated with NIV.


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